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<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
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<!DOCTYPE chapter PUBLIC "-//OASIS//DTD DocBook XML V4.2//EN" "http://docbook.org/xml/4.2/docbookx.dtd">
 
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<!DOCTYPE chapter PUBLIC "-//OASIS//DTD DocBook XML V4.3//EN"
 
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"http://docbook.org/xml/4.3/docbookx.dtd">
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<chapter>
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                <title>Playing Music and Videos</title>
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                <para><emphasis role="strong">Objectives</emphasis></para>
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                <para>In this lesson, you will learn to:
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                        <itemizedlist>
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                                <listitem><para>Play, edit and organize music and video files.</para></listitem>
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                        </itemizedlist>
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                <instructornote><title>Instructor Notes:</title>
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                        <para><emphasis role="italic">It is recommended to cover all the topics in this lesson. However,if you fall short of time then cover only the following topics:</emphasis></para>
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                        <para><emphasis role="italic">Legal Restrictions</emphasis></para>
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                        <para><emphasis role="italic">Playing Audio Files</emphasis></para>
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                        <para><emphasis role="italic">Using an iPod</emphasis></para>
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                        <para><emphasis role="italic">Viewing DVDs</emphasis></para>
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                        <para><emphasis role="italic">Playing Online Media</emphasis></para>
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                </instructornote>
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                </para>
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                <sect1>
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                        <title>Legal Restrictions</title>
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                        <para>Ubuntu fully supports playback of music, videos and DVDs available in
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                        free and unrestricted formats. A number of multimedia formats are
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                        restricted by licenses and software patents in some jurisdictions. 
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                        Ubuntu does not offer out-of-the-box support for these formats.
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                        It is possible to enable playing the proprietary
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                        formats in Ubuntu, you must do so after considering the patent and copyright
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                        restrictions guiding the use of the proprietary file formats.</para>
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                        <para>The license of the format is different from the license
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                        of the content itself. For example a video's content can be licensed under a
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                        Creative Commons license, and be available as MPEG file. While the content 
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                        can be distributed freely, the format is proprietary and a software for playback may need to be licensed
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                        in some jurisdictions.</para>
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                        <para>To understand the legal issues associated with the use of proprietary
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                        formats, you need to first grasp the difference between free and non-free
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                        or proprietary formats.
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                        </para>
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                </sect1>
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                <sect1>
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                        <title>Playing Music Files</title>
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                        <para>Ubuntu comes with the Rhythmbox Music Player to play and organise music files. Similar to
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                        iTunes in its interface, this music player is a free software application designed to work in the 
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                        GNOME desktop environment. Using Rhythmbox, you
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                        can play your music files, listen to Internet radio, import music from CDs and
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                        organise your music files. Rhythmbox offers comprehensive audio support for a large
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                        number of audio formats and contains various useful features that make playing music
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                        easy and enjoyable.</para>
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                        <instructornote><title>Instructor Notes:</title>
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                        <para><emphasis role="italic">You must demonstrate and let the students play fully with at least 1 music, 1 DVD playback and 1 audio recording.</emphasis></para></instructornote>
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                        <sect2>
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                                <title>Playing Music using Rhythmbox</title>
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                                <para>To play music using Rhythmbox:
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                                        <orderedlist numeration="arabic">
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                                                <listitem>
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                                                        <para>On the <emphasis role="strong">Application</emphasis> menu,
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                                                        point to <emphasis role="strong">Sound &amp; Video</emphasis> and
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                                                        then click <emphasis role="strong">Rhythmbox Music Player</emphasis>.
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                                                        A welcome screen is displayed.</para>
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                                                        <figure><title><emphasis role="italic">Launching Rhythmbox</emphasis></title>
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                                                                <mediaobject><imageobject>
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                                                                        <imagedata fileref="images/chapter9_image_001.png" format="PNG" />
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                                                                </imageobject></mediaobject>
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                                                        </figure>
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                                                </listitem>
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                                                <listitem>
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                                                        <para>The main window of the Rhythmbox Music Player opens. Now, you
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                                                        will be able to organise your favourite music using this
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                                                        window.</para>
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                                                        <figure><title><emphasis role="italic">The Rhythmbox Music Player</emphasis></title>
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                                                                <mediaobject><imageobject>
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                                                                        <imagedata fileref="images/chapter9_image_002.png" format="PNG" />
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                                                                </imageobject></mediaobject>
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                                                        </figure>
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                                                </listitem>
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                                                <listitem>
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                                                        <para>To start playing music in Rhythmbox, you need to first select
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                                                        the music source from the <emphasis role="strong">Source</emphasis>
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                                                        list. By default <emphasis role="strong">Library</emphasis> is
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                                                        selected as the source when you open Rhythmbox for the first
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                                                        time.</para>
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                                                        <para>Library is the main source available in Rhythmbox. You can
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                                                        import all your music files into the Rhythmbox library and can start
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                                                        playing immediately. You also use the music files in your library to
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                                                        create smart customised playlists and play-queues. To start importing
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                                                        individual music files, right-click <emphasis role="strong">Library
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                                                        </emphasis> and click <emphasis role="strong">Import File</emphasis>.
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                                                        It displays the <emphasis role="strong">Import File into Library
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                                                        </emphasis> dialogue box.</para>
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                                                        <figure><title><emphasis role="italic">Importing Music Files</emphasis></title>
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                                                                <mediaobject><imageobject>
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                                                                        <imagedata fileref="images/chapter9_image_003.png" format="PNG" />
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                                                                </imageobject></mediaobject>
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                                                        </figure>
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                                                </listitem>
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                                                <listitem>
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                                                        <para>In the <emphasis role="strong">Import File into Library
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                                                        </emphasis> dialogue box, navigate to the folder from which you want
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                                                        to import the files. Select the files that you want to import and
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                                                        click <emphasis role="strong">Open</emphasis>.</para>
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                                                        <figure><title><emphasis role="italic">Selecting the Files to Import</emphasis></title>
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                                                                <mediaobject><imageobject>
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                                                                        <imagedata fileref="images/chapter9_image_004.png" format="PNG" />
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                                                                </imageobject></mediaobject>
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                                                        </figure>
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                                                        <tip>
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                                                                <title>Nice to Know:</title>
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                                                                <para>While importing music files from your music collection,
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                                                                Rhythmbox also imports the metadata tags associated with the
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                                                                files. These tags are used by Rhythmbox to categorise the music files
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                                                                by genre, artist, album, title, and track number.</para>
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                                                        </tip>
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                                                </listitem>
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                                                <listitem>
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                                                        <para>The selected music files are imported into the library and 
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                                                        displayed in the the Rhythmbox window. You will notice that the main
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                                                        Rhythmbox window is split into various panes. Each pane displays
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                                                        different details about your music collection. To play music from the
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                                                        library, you can use the <emphasis role="strong">Artist, Album
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                                                        </emphasis> and <emphasis role="strong">Track</emphasis> panes to
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                                                        select the music tracks that you want to play and then use the
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                                                        playback controls to start playing the music tracks. Click the
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                                                        <emphasis role="strong">Play</emphasis> button to start playing the
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                                                        selected track.</para>
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                                                        <figure><title><emphasis role="italic">The Rhythmbox Window</emphasis></title>
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                                                                <mediaobject><imageobject>
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                                                                        <imagedata fileref="images/chapter9_image_005.png" format="PNG" />
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                                                                </imageobject></mediaobject>
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                                                        </figure>
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                                                </listitem>
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                                                <listitem>
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                                                        <para>If you click the <emphasis role="strong">Play</emphasis> button
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                                                        without selecting any track, Rhythmbox will start playing the first
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                                                        track from your current view. You can use the
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                                                        <emphasis role="strong">Shuffle</emphasis> button to play tracks
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                                                        randomly. You can also create a play list by right-clicking a music
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                                                        track and selecting <emphasis role="strong">Add to Playlist</emphasis>.
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                                                        To stop or pause a track, click the
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                                                        <emphasis role="strong">Play</emphasis> button again.</para>
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                                                        <figure><title><emphasis role="italic">Creating New Playlist</emphasis></title>
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                                                                <mediaobject><imageobject>
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                                                                        <imagedata fileref="images/chapter9_image_006.png" format="PNG" />
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                                                                </imageobject></mediaobject>
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                                                        </figure>
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                                                </listitem>
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                                                <listitem>
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                                                        <para>Rhythmbox offers many additional useful features in the form of
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                                                        various plugins. Some of these plugins are not turned on by default.
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                                                        To access these plugins, on the <emphasis role="strong">Edit
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                                                        </emphasis> menu, click <emphasis role="strong">Plugins.</emphasis>
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                                                        The <emphasis role="strong">Configure Plugins</emphasis> dialogue
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                                                        box opens.</para>
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                                                        <figure><title><emphasis role="italic">Accessing Plugins</emphasis></title>
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                                                                <mediaobject><imageobject>
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                                                                        <imagedata fileref="images/chapter9_image_007.png" format="PNG" />
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                                                                </imageobject></mediaobject>
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                                                        </figure>
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                                                </listitem>
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                                                <listitem>
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                                                        <para>You can view all the available plugins in the left pane of the
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                                                        <emphasis role="strong">Configure Plugins</emphasis> dialogue box.
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                                                        Selecting a plugin displays its details in the right pane of the
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                                                        dialogue box.</para>
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                                                </listitem>
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                                                <listitem>
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                                                        <para>Depending on your requirements and preferences, you can
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                                                        activate these plugins to get extra functionality in your Rhythmbox.
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                                                        For example, activating <emphasis role="strong">Magnatune Store
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                                                        </emphasis> plugin enables iTunes-style song previews and paid
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                                                        downloads. Activating <emphasis role="strong">Visualization
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                                                        </emphasis> renders a real-time visualization of the music on the screen while
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                                                        you listen to a song track. Similarly, if you want to automatically
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                                                        retrieve the lyrics of the song being played, activate
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                                                        <emphasis role="strong">Song Lyrics</emphasis> by selecting the
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                                                        corresponding check box and click <emphasis role="strong">Close
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                                                        </emphasis> to exit the <emphasis role="strong">Configure Plugins
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                                                        </emphasis> dialogue box.</para>
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                                                        <figure><title><emphasis role="italic">Activating Plugins</emphasis></title>
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                                                                <mediaobject><imageobject>
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                                                                        <imagedata fileref="images/chapter9_image_008.png" format="PNG" />
180
 
                                                                </imageobject></mediaobject>
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                                                        </figure>
182
 
                                                </listitem>
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                                                <listitem>
184
 
                                                        <para>You are returned to the main Rhythmbox interface. To start
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                                                        retrieving the song lyrics, on the <emphasis role="strong">View
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                                                        </emphasis> menu, click <emphasis role="strong">Song
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                                                        Lyrics</emphasis>.</para>
188
 
                                                        <figure><title><emphasis role="italic">Retrieving Song Lyrics</emphasis></title>
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                                                                <mediaobject><imageobject>
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                                                                        <imagedata fileref="images/chapter9_image_009.png" format="PNG" />
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                                                                </imageobject></mediaobject>
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                                                        </figure>
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                                                </listitem>
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                                                <listitem>
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                                                        <para>Amazingly, Rhythmbox retrieves the song lyrics for you.
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                                                        Now, you can sing along while listening to your favourite song.</para>
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                                                        <figure><title><emphasis role="italic">The Song Lyrics Retrieved</emphasis></title>
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                                                                <mediaobject><imageobject>
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                                                                        <imagedata fileref="images/chapter9_image_010.png" format="PNG" />
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                                                                </imageobject></mediaobject>
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                                                        </figure>
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                                                </listitem>
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                                                <listitem>
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                                                        <para>Similarly, if you wish to view animations while listening to
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                                                        a song, click the <emphasis role="strong">Visualization</emphasis>
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                                                        button.</para>
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                                                        <figure><title><emphasis role="italic">Activating Visualisation</emphasis></title>
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                                                                <mediaobject><imageobject>
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                                                                        <imagedata fileref="images/chapter9_image_011.png" format="PNG" />
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                                                                </imageobject></mediaobject>
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                                                        </figure>
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                                                </listitem>
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                                                <listitem>
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                                                        <para>You can view animations while playing a song.</para>
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                                                        <figure><title><emphasis role="italic">Viewing Animations</emphasis></title>
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                                                                <mediaobject><imageobject>
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                                                                        <imagedata fileref="images/chapter9_image_012.png" format="PNG" />
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                                                                </imageobject></mediaobject>
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                                                        </figure>
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                                                </listitem>
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                                                <listitem>
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                                                        <para>Rhythmbox also enables you to listen to music
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                                                        from a variety of sources, such as Internet radio stations and
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                                                        podcasts.</para>
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                                                        <para>To play music from a podcast of your choice, right-click the
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                                                        <emphasis role="strong">Podcast</emphasis> option in the
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                                                        <emphasis role="strong">Source</emphasis> list and select
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                                                        <emphasis role="strong">New Podcast Feed</emphasis>.</para>
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                                                        <figure><title><emphasis role="italic">Adding New Podcast Feed</emphasis></title>
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                                                                <mediaobject><imageobject>
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                                                                        <imagedata fileref="images/chapter9_image_013.png" format="PNG" />
232
 
                                                                </imageobject></mediaobject>
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                                                        </figure>
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                                                        <note>
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                                                                <title>Note:</title>
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                                                                <para>Podcasts are audio shows broadcast over the Internet
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                                                                that you can subscribe to. Subscribing to a podcast enables you
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                                                                to download each new audio release from the subscribed podcast
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                                                                source.</para>
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                                                        </note>
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                                                        <instructornote><title>Instructor Notes:</title>
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                                                        <para><emphasis role="italic">If the students want to know more about podcasts, advise them 
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                                                        to read the Wikipedia article on podcasting: <ulink url='http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Podcasting'>http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Podcasting</ulink></emphasis></para></instructornote>
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                                                </listitem>
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                                                <listitem>
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                                                        <para>Enter the podcast feed URL in the <emphasis role="strong">New
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                                                        Podcast Feed</emphasis> text box and click <emphasis role="strong">
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                                                        Add</emphasis>.</para>
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                                                        <figure><title><emphasis role="italic">Entering Podcast Feed URL </emphasis></title>
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                                                                <mediaobject><imageobject>
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                                                                        <imagedata fileref="images/chapter9_image_014.png" format="PNG" />
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                                                                </imageobject></mediaobject>
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                                                        </figure>
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                                                </listitem>
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                                                <listitem>
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                                                        <para>Rhythmbox automatically looks for the latest podcasts and
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                                                        downloads them for you. To play a podcast episode, select the
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                                                        episode that you want to play and click the
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                                                        <emphasis role="strong">Play</emphasis> button.</para>
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                                                        <figure><title><emphasis role="italic">Playing a Podcast</emphasis></title>
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                                                                <mediaobject><imageobject>
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                                                                        <imagedata fileref="images/chapter9_image_015.png" format="PNG" />
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                                                                </imageobject></mediaobject>
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                                                        </figure>
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                                                </listitem>
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                                                <listitem>
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                                                        <para>Rhythmbox also allows you to listen to radio streamed from
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                                                        Internet radio stations across the world. To listen to Internet
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                                                        radio, click the <emphasis role="strong">Radio</emphasis> source in
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                                                        the <emphasis role="strong">Source</emphasis> pane.</para>
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                                                        <figure><title><emphasis role="italic">Playing Internet Radio</emphasis></title>
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                                                                <mediaobject><imageobject>
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                                                                        <imagedata fileref="images/chapter9_image_016.png" format="PNG" />
274
 
                                                                </imageobject></mediaobject>
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                                                        </figure>
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                                                </listitem>
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                                                <listitem>
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                                                        <para>By default the <emphasis role="strong">Radio</emphasis> source
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                                                        lists several radio stations, each of them broadcasting a different
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                                                        genre of music. Double-click on the radio station of your choice to
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                                                        listen to the streaming media.</para>
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                                                        <figure><title><emphasis role="italic">Listening to a Radio Station</emphasis></title>
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                                                                <mediaobject><imageobject>
284
 
                                                                        <imagedata fileref="images/chapter9_image_017.png" format="PNG" />
285
 
                                                                </imageobject></mediaobject>
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                                                        </figure>
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                                                        <instructornote><title>Instructor Notes:</title>
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                                                        <para><emphasis role="italic">Advise students to read the Wikipedia article on Internet Radio
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                                                        if they want more background information: <ulink url="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Internet_radio">http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Internet radio</ulink> </emphasis> </para></instructornote>
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                                                </listitem>
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                                                <listitem>
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                                                        <para>You can also add a new radio station to the existing list by
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                                                        clicking <emphasis role="strong">New Internet Radio Station</emphasis>
294
 
                                                        and pasting the URL of the new radio station in the <emphasis role="strong">URL
295
 
                                                        of Internet radio station</emphasis> text box. Click
296
 
                                                        <emphasis role="strong">Add</emphasis> to add the radio station in
297
 
                                                        the existing list.</para>
298
 
                                                        <figure><title><emphasis role="italic">Adding New Radio Station</emphasis></title>
299
 
                                                                <mediaobject><imageobject>
300
 
                                                                        <imagedata fileref="images/chapter9_image_018.png" format="PNG" />
301
 
                                                                </imageobject></mediaobject>
302
 
                                                        </figure>
303
 
                                                </listitem>
304
 
                                                <listitem>
305
 
                                                        <para>You can add many more Internet radio stations in the same way
306
 
                                                        and listen to your favourite radio stations with just a click of your
307
 
                                                        mouse.</para>
308
 
                                                </listitem>
309
 
                                        </orderedlist>
310
 
                                </para>
311
 
                        </sect2>
312
 
                </sect1>
313
 
                <sect1>
314
 
                        <title>Playing and Extracting Audio CDs</title>
315
 
                        <para>Sound Juicer is the default application available in Ubuntu for playing and
316
 
                        extracting audio compact discs (CDs). It is an easy-to-use CD player and ripping tool
317
 
                        that requires minimal user intervention in playing and extracting audio CDs. Using
318
 
                        Sound Juicer, you can play audio tracks directly from the CD and extract audio tracks
319
 
                        and convert them into audio files. Sound Juicer allows you to extract audio files
320
 
                        into the following three formats:
321
 
                                <itemizedlist>
322
 
                                        <listitem>
323
 
                                                <para>Ogg Vorbis: Ogg vorbis is a free, unpatented and open source alternative to
324
 
                                                the proprietary MP3 format. Like the MP3 format, it discards parts of the sound 
325
 
                                                that humans cannot normally hear. An Ogg Vorbis file is typically a tenth of the size of 
326
 
                                                a WAV format file containing the same content.</para>
327
 
                                        </listitem>
328
 
                                        <listitem>
329
 
                                                <para>FLAC: FLAC stands for Free Lossless Audio Codec. It is an unpatented, open source 
330
 
                                                audio format. Unlike MP3 or Ogg Vorbis, FLAC compresses audio without discarding any information.
331
 
                                                A FLAC file is typically half the size of a WAV file containing the same content.</para>
332
 
                                        </listitem>
333
 
                                        <listitem>
334
 
                                        <para>WAV: WAV is short for Waveform Audio Format. It is an uncompressed format typically
335
 
                                        used for short snippets of sound and voice recordings.</para>
336
 
                                        </listitem>
337
 
                                </itemizedlist>
338
 
                        </para>
339
 
                        <note>
340
 
                                <title>Note:</title>
341
 
                                <para>To know more about Ogg Vorbis and FLAC audio format, visit the following
342
 
                                Web sites:
343
 
                                <itemizedlist>
344
 
                                <listitem><para><ulink url="http://www.vorbis.com/faq/">http://www.vorbis.com/faq/</ulink></para></listitem>
345
 
                                <listitem><para><ulink url="http://flac.sourceforge.net/">http://flac.sourceforge.net/</ulink></para></listitem>
346
 
                                </itemizedlist>
347
 
                                </para>
348
 
                        </note>
349
 
                        <sect2>
350
 
                                <title>Playing Audio CDs</title>
351
 
                                <para>To play audio CDs using Sound Juicer
352
 
                                        <orderedlist numeration="arabic">
353
 
                                                <listitem>
354
 
                                                        <para>Insert an audio CD in the CD drive of your computer. The Sound
355
 
                                                        Juicer CD player and ripper is launched automatically. To start Sound
356
 
                                                        Juicer manually. On the <emphasis role="strong">Applications
357
 
                                                        </emphasis> menu, point to <emphasis role="strong">Sound &amp;
358
 
                                                        Video</emphasis> and then click <emphasis role="strong">Sound Juicer
359
 
                                                        CD Extractor</emphasis>.</para>
360
 
                                                        <figure><title><emphasis role="italic">Launching Sound Juicer</emphasis></title>
361
 
                                                                <mediaobject><imageobject>
362
 
                                                                        <imagedata fileref="images/chapter9_image_019.png" format="PNG" />
363
 
                                                                </imageobject></mediaobject>
364
 
                                                        </figure>
365
 
                                                </listitem>
366
 
                                                <listitem>
367
 
                                                        <para>Sound Juicer's main interface is displayed. When Sound
368
 
                                                        Juicer detects a CD, it examines the CD and tries to search the
369
 
                                                        Internet to locate information about the CD's content. If you
370
 
                                                        are connected to the Internet, Sound Juicer will retrieve the CD
371
 
                                                        artist, title, and track data from MusicBrainz.org.</para>
372
 
                                                        
373
 
                                                        <para>To play all the tracks sequentially, you can simply click the
374
 
                                                        <emphasis role="strong">Play</emphasis> button.</para>
375
 
                                                        <note>
376
 
                                                                <title>Note:</title>
377
 
                                                                <para>MusicBrainz.org is a community-maintained online database,
378
 
                                                                which contains data on over 360,000 published albums.</para>
379
 
                                                        </note>
380
 
                                                        <figure><title><emphasis role="italic">Playing Audio CD</emphasis></title>
381
 
                                                                <mediaobject><imageobject>
382
 
                                                                        <imagedata fileref="images/chapter9_image_020.png" format="PNG" />
383
 
                                                                </imageobject></mediaobject>
384
 
                                                        </figure><para>Notice that Sound Juicer has fetched the track information
385
 
                                                        from MusicBrainz.org. In the upper part of the Sound Juicer window,
386
 
                                                        you can see the basic information about the disc, including title,
387
 
                                                        artist, genre and total duration. The lower part of the window
388
 
                                                        displays a list of tracks, each with its full title, artist and
389
 
                                                        duration.</para>
390
 
                                                </listitem>
391
 
                                                <listitem>
392
 
                                                        <para>To play only the tracks of your choice, select the particular
393
 
                                                        tracks by selecting the corresponding checkboxes and then click the
394
 
                                                        <emphasis role="strong">Play</emphasis> button.</para>
395
 
                                                        <figure><title><emphasis role="italic">Selecting the Song tracks</emphasis></title>
396
 
                                                                <mediaobject><imageobject>
397
 
                                                                        <imagedata fileref="images/chapter9_image_021.png" format="PNG" />
398
 
                                                                </imageobject></mediaobject>
399
 
                                                        </figure>
400
 
                                                </listitem>
401
 
                                                <listitem>
402
 
                                                        <para>You can now enjoy listening to your favourite music tracks.</para>
403
 
                                                        <figure><title><emphasis role="italic">Playing the Selected Tracks</emphasis></title>
404
 
                                                                <mediaobject><imageobject>
405
 
                                                                        <imagedata fileref="images/chapter9_image_022.png" format="PNG" />
406
 
                                                                </imageobject></mediaobject>
407
 
                                                        </figure>
408
 
                                                </listitem>
409
 
                                        </orderedlist>
410
 
                                </para>
411
 
                        </sect2>
412
 
                        <sect2>
413
 
                                <title>Extracting Audio CDs</title>
414
 
                                <para>If you want to listen to your favourite music tracks without needing to
415
 
                                insert a CD every time, you can create a copy of the CD and extract the music
416
 
                                tracks on your computer. To extract the audio CD:
417
 
                                        <orderedlist numeration="arabic">
418
 
                                                <listitem>
419
 
                                                        <para>Insert the audio CD and click the <emphasis role="strong">
420
 
                                                        Extract</emphasis> button. However, if you want to define the audio
421
 
                                                        quality, format and the location where the files would be stored,
422
 
                                                        click <emphasis role="strong">Preferences</emphasis> on the
423
 
                                                        <emphasis role="strong">Edit</emphasis> menu. This displays the
424
 
                                                        <emphasis role="strong">Preferences</emphasis> dialogue box.</para>
425
 
                                                        <figure><title><emphasis role="italic">Defining Preferences For Audio Files</emphasis></title>
426
 
                                                                <mediaobject><imageobject>
427
 
                                                                        <imagedata fileref="images/chapter9_image_023.png" format="PNG" />
428
 
                                                                </imageobject></mediaobject>
429
 
                                                        </figure>
430
 
                                                </listitem>
431
 
                                                <listitem>
432
 
                                                        <para>You can use the <emphasis role="strong">Preferences</emphasis>
433
 
                                                        dialogue box to define a number of things such as how the folder
434
 
                                                        hierarchy should be saved, how the files should be named and
435
 
                                                        whether to eject the CD automatically after the tracks are
436
 
                                                        extracted.</para>
437
 
                                                        <para>In the last section of the <emphasis role="strong">Preferences
438
 
                                                        </emphasis> dialogue box, you can define the file format in which the
439
 
                                                        tracks would be stored on your computer. Based on your requirements,
440
 
                                                        select any one format from the <emphasis role="strong">Output Format
441
 
                                                        </emphasis> drop-down list.</para>
442
 
                                                        <tip>
443
 
                                                                <title>Nice to Know:</title>
444
 
                                                                <para>You can also extract CD audio files to the proprietary,
445
 
                                                                non-free MP3 format. Instructions for extracting audio files into
446
 
                                                                the MP3 format can be found in the help for Sound Juicer. Go to
447
 
                                                                 <emphasis role="strong">Help&gt;Content</emphasis> and then navigate to the Preferences section.</para>
448
 
                                                        </tip>
449
 
                                                        <figure><title><emphasis role="italic">Specifying Audio Format</emphasis></title>
450
 
                                                                <mediaobject><imageobject>
451
 
                                                                        <imagedata fileref="images/chapter9_image_024.png" format="PNG" />
452
 
                                                                </imageobject></mediaobject>
453
 
                                                        </figure>
454
 
                                                </listitem>
455
 
                                                <listitem>
456
 
                                                        <para>Each of these file format has its own customisable profile.
457
 
                                                        Depending on the type of the music track and the destination where
458
 
                                                        it has to be stored, you may need to customise these file formats.
459
 
                                                        Click the <emphasis role="strong">Edit Profiles</emphasis> button,
460
 
                                                        then select the desired profile and click the
461
 
                                                        <emphasis role="strong">Edit</emphasis> button to edit the profile
462
 
                                                        of the selected file format according to your needs.</para>
463
 
                                                        <figure><title><emphasis role="italic">Editing Audio Profile</emphasis></title>
464
 
                                                                <mediaobject><imageobject>
465
 
                                                                        <imagedata fileref="images/chapter9_image_025.png" format="PNG" />
466
 
                                                                </imageobject></mediaobject>
467
 
                                                        </figure>
468
 
                                                </listitem>
469
 
                                                <listitem>
470
 
                                                        <para>The <emphasis role="strong">Editing profile</emphasis> dialogue
471
 
                                                        box for the selected audio profile is displayed. You can edit the
472
 
                                                        audio profile according to your requirements and the click
473
 
                                                        <emphasis role="strong">Close</emphasis> to exit.</para>
474
 
                                                        <figure><title><emphasis role="italic">Customising Audio Profile</emphasis></title>
475
 
                                                                <mediaobject><imageobject>
476
 
                                                                        <imagedata fileref="images/chapter9_image_026.png" format="PNG" />
477
 
                                                                </imageobject></mediaobject>
478
 
                                                        </figure>
479
 
                                                </listitem>
480
 
                                                <listitem>
481
 
                                                        <para>You can also use the <emphasis role="strong">Preferences
482
 
                                                        </emphasis> dialogue box to define the location where you want the
483
 
                                                        audio files to be stored on your computer. By default, Sound Juicer
484
 
                                                        stores the audio files in the Home directory. To define a location
485
 
                                                        of your choice, select a directory from the <emphasis role="strong">
486
 
                                                        Music Folder</emphasis> drop-down list and click
487
 
                                                        <emphasis role="strong">Close</emphasis> to exit the
488
 
                                                        <emphasis role="strong">Preferences</emphasis> dialogue box.</para>
489
 
                                                        <figure><title><emphasis role="italic">Specifying Audio File Location</emphasis></title>
490
 
                                                                <mediaobject><imageobject>
491
 
                                                                        <imagedata fileref="images/chapter9_image_027.png" format="PNG" />
492
 
                                                                </imageobject></mediaobject>
493
 
                                                        </figure>
494
 
                                                </listitem>
495
 
                                                <listitem>
496
 
                                                        <para>After configuring your preferences, you can go ahead and start
497
 
                                                        extracting all the tracks by clicking the <emphasis role="strong">
498
 
                                                        Extract</emphasis> button. However, if you want to exclude some
499
 
                                                        tracks, deselect them by clearing the corresponding check
500
 
                                                        boxes.</para>
501
 
                                                        <para>Depending on the speed of your computer, the extracting
502
 
                                                        process can take a long time. You can watch the total progress
503
 
                                                        of the process in the lower left section of the
504
 
                                                        <emphasis role="strong">Sound Juicer</emphasis> window.</para>
505
 
                                                        <figure><title><emphasis role="italic">Extracting Song Tracks</emphasis></title>
506
 
                                                                <mediaobject><imageobject>
507
 
                                                                        <imagedata fileref="images/chapter9_image_028.png" format="PNG" />
508
 
                                                                </imageobject></mediaobject>
509
 
                                                        </figure>
510
 
                                                </listitem>
511
 
                                                <listitem>
512
 
                                                        <para>Sound Juicer notifies you after the selected tracks are
513
 
                                                        extracted successfully. Click <emphasis role="strong">Open</emphasis>
514
 
                                                        to view the tracks copied on your hard disk.</para>
515
 
                                                        <figure><title><emphasis role="italic">Viewing Copied Tracks</emphasis></title>
516
 
                                                                <mediaobject><imageobject>
517
 
                                                                        <imagedata fileref="images/chapter9_image_029.png" format="PNG" />
518
 
                                                                </imageobject></mediaobject>
519
 
                                                        </figure>
520
 
                                                </listitem>
521
 
                                                <listitem>
522
 
                                                        <para>The CD audio tracks are now copied as audio files on your hard
523
 
                                                        disk. You can listen to these tracks by simply double-clicking them.</para>
524
 
                                                        <figure><title><emphasis role="italic">The Copied Tracks</emphasis></title>
525
 
                                                                <mediaobject><imageobject>
526
 
                                                                        <imagedata fileref="images/chapter9_image_030.png" format="PNG" />
527
 
                                                                </imageobject></mediaobject>
528
 
                                                        </figure>
529
 
                                                </listitem>
530
 
                                        </orderedlist>
531
 
                                </para>
532
 
                        </sect2>
533
 
                </sect1>
534
 
                <sect1>
535
 
                        <title>Burning Audio CDs</title>
536
 
                        <para>Besides copying audio tracks from a CD to your computer, Ubuntu also enables
537
 
                        you to copy music files from your computer onto a CD. Serpentine is the audio CD
538
 
                        burner application that comes bundled with Ubuntu, by default. It is an easy-to-use
539
 
                        but very powerful CD audio recording application.</para>
540
 
                        <para>To burn an audio CD using Serpentine:
541
 
                                <orderedlist numeration="arabic">
542
 
                                        <listitem>
543
 
                                                <para>Insert a blank (recordable) CD in the CD drive of your computer.
544
 
                                                You will receive a notification asking whether you want to burn a data
545
 
                                                CD or an audio CD. When you click the <emphasis role="strong">Make Audio
546
 
                                                CD</emphasis> button, Serpentine will be launched automatically.</para>
547
 
                                                <figure><title><emphasis role="italic">Auto-launching Serpentine</emphasis></title>
548
 
                                                        <mediaobject><imageobject>
549
 
                                                                <imagedata fileref="images/chapter9_image_031.png" format="PNG" />
550
 
                                                        </imageobject></mediaobject>
551
 
                                                </figure>
552
 
                                        </listitem>
553
 
                                        <listitem>
554
 
                                                <para>Alternatively, you can launch Serpentine through the
555
 
                                                <emphasis role="strong">Applications</emphasis> menu. To launch
556
 
                                                Serpentine manually, on the <emphasis role="strong">Applications
557
 
                                                </emphasis> menu, point to <emphasis role="strong">Sound &amp; Video
558
 
                                                </emphasis> and then click <emphasis role="strong">Serpentine Audio
559
 
                                                CD Creator</emphasis>. The <emphasis role="strong">Serpentine</emphasis>
560
 
                                                window is displayed.</para>
561
 
                                                <figure><title><emphasis role="italic">Launching Serpentine</emphasis></title>
562
 
                                                        <mediaobject><imageobject>
563
 
                                                                <imagedata fileref="images/chapter9_image_032.png" format="PNG" />
564
 
                                                        </imageobject></mediaobject>
565
 
                                                </figure>
566
 
                                        </listitem>
567
 
                                        <listitem>
568
 
                                                <para>The <emphasis role="strong">Serpentine Window</emphasis> displays
569
 
                                                the disc usage of the inserted disc graphically as well as in words. You
570
 
                                                can now click the <emphasis role="strong">Add</emphasis> button to start
571
 
                                                adding the tracks that you want to be copied to the disk. However, if you
572
 
                                                want to change the default configuration settings for Serpentine before
573
 
                                                burning the audio CD, open the <emphasis role="strong">Serpentine
574
 
                                                Preferences</emphasis> dialogue box by clicking <emphasis role="strong">
575
 
                                                Preferences</emphasis> on the <emphasis role="strong">Edit</emphasis>
576
 
                                                menu.</para>
577
 
                                                <figure><title><emphasis role="italic">Displaying Configuration Settings</emphasis></title>
578
 
                                                        <mediaobject><imageobject>
579
 
                                                                <imagedata fileref="images/chapter9_image_033.png" format="PNG" />
580
 
                                                        </imageobject></mediaobject>
581
 
                                                </figure>
582
 
                                        </listitem>
583
 
                                        <listitem>
584
 
                                                <para>You can use the <emphasis role="strong">Serpentine Preferences
585
 
                                                </emphasis> window to specify the writing speed for burning CD and to
586
 
                                                define some writing options such as whether to insert two seconds gap
587
 
                                                between two tracks or to eject the CD after recording is complete. After
588
 
                                                defining your preferences, click <emphasis role="strong">Close</emphasis>
589
 
                                                to apply the changes and exit the <emphasis role="strong">Serpentine
590
 
                                                Preferences</emphasis> window.</para>
591
 
                                                <figure><title><emphasis role="italic">Customising Preferences</emphasis></title>
592
 
                                                        <mediaobject><imageobject>
593
 
                                                                <imagedata fileref="images/chapter9_image_034.png" format="PNG" />
594
 
                                                        </imageobject></mediaobject>
595
 
                                                </figure>
596
 
                                        </listitem>
597
 
                                        <listitem>
598
 
                                                <para>Now you need to specify the files that you want to be copied on
599
 
                                                the inserted CD. To start specifying the desired audio files, click
600
 
                                                <emphasis role="strong">Add</emphasis>. This opens a browser window.
601
 
                                                In the browser window, navigate to the desired folder and click
602
 
                                                <emphasis role="strong">Open</emphasis> to display its contents.</para>
603
 
                                                <figure><title><emphasis role="italic">Specifying Audio Files to Copy</emphasis></title>
604
 
                                                        <mediaobject><imageobject>
605
 
                                                                <imagedata fileref="images/chapter9_image_035.png" format="PNG" />
606
 
                                                        </imageobject></mediaobject>
607
 
                                                </figure>
608
 
                                        </listitem>
609
 
                                        <listitem>
610
 
                                                <para>Select the specific audio files that you want to be copied and
611
 
                                                click <emphasis role="strong">Open</emphasis>. You are returned to the
612
 
                                                <emphasis role="strong">Serpentine</emphasis> window.</para>
613
 
                                                <figure><title><emphasis role="italic">Selecting the Files to Copy</emphasis></title>
614
 
                                                        <mediaobject><imageobject>
615
 
                                                                <imagedata fileref="images/chapter9_image_036.png" format="PNG" />
616
 
                                                        </imageobject></mediaobject>
617
 
                                                </figure>
618
 
                                        </listitem>
619
 
                                        <listitem>
620
 
                                                <para>The selected files now appear in the Serpentine window. You can
621
 
                                                also view the estimated disc usage once these files are written to the
622
 
                                                disc. Based on this data, you may decide to add or delete some files
623
 
                                                from your current selection. Once you are sure of the files to be copied
624
 
                                                to the disc, click the <emphasis role="strong">Write to Disc</emphasis>
625
 
                                                button to start writing the audio files from your computer to the
626
 
                                                CD.</para>
627
 
                                                <figure><title><emphasis role="italic">Writing Audio Files to Disc</emphasis></title>
628
 
                                                        <mediaobject><imageobject>
629
 
                                                                <imagedata fileref="images/chapter9_image_037.png" format="PNG" />
630
 
                                                        </imageobject></mediaobject>
631
 
                                                </figure>
632
 
                                        </listitem>
633
 
                                        <listitem>
634
 
                                                <para>You are asked to confirm your decision to record a media disc.
635
 
                                                Click <emphasis role="strong">Write to Disc</emphasis> to continue.</para>
636
 
                                                <figure><title><emphasis role="italic">Confirming the CD Writing</emphasis></title>
637
 
                                                        <mediaobject><imageobject>
638
 
                                                                <imagedata fileref="images/chapter9_image_038.png" format="PNG" />
639
 
                                                        </imageobject></mediaobject>
640
 
                                                </figure>
641
 
                                        </listitem>
642
 
                                        <listitem>
643
 
                                                <para>Serpentine now starts writing the music files to the media disc.
644
 
                                                You can view the progress of the process in the <emphasis role="strong">
645
 
                                                Writing Audio Disc</emphasis> dialogue box. This process may take some
646
 
                                                time depending on the size of the files to be written to disc. Once the
647
 
                                                process is complete, you get a new CD containing all your favourite
648
 
                                                songs.</para>
649
 
                                                <figure><title><emphasis role="italic">Writing Audio CD</emphasis></title>
650
 
                                                        <mediaobject><imageobject>
651
 
                                                                <imagedata fileref="images/chapter9_image_039.png" format="PNG" />
652
 
                                                        </imageobject></mediaobject>
653
 
                                                </figure>
654
 
                                        </listitem>
655
 
                                </orderedlist>
656
 
                        </para>
657
 
                </sect1>
658
 
                <sect1>
659
 
                        <title>Playing Proprietary Multimedia Formats</title>
660
 
                        <para>As previously stated, due to the legal restrictions associated with the use of
661
 
                        proprietary formats, Ubuntu does not offer support for such formats by default. If
662
 
                        you wish to play such proprietary formats, you will need to install additional
663
 
                        multimedia codecs. A multimedia codec is a small piece of software that allows you to
664
 
                        watch videos or listen to music of a specific format. Although Ubuntu includes many
665
 
                        codecs by default, you may need to install more because there are many different
666
 
                        multimedia formats and it is unrealistic to provide them all.</para>
667
 
                        <para>Playback of multimedia files in Ubuntu is handled by the Gstreamer multimedia framework.
668
 
                        GStreamer by itself does not provide any multimedia codecs, it relies on codecs that have been
669
 
                        packaged into a <emphasis role="strong">plugin</emphasis> that it uses to perform the actual
670
 
                        recording and playback. Typical plugins are:
671
 
                                <itemizedlist>
672
 
                                        <listitem>
673
 
                                                <para>gstreamer0.10-plugins-ugly</para>
674
 
                                        </listitem>
675
 
                                        <listitem>
676
 
                                                <para>gstreamer0.10-plugins-ugly-multiverse</para>
677
 
                                        </listitem>
678
 
                                        <listitem>
679
 
                                                <para>gstreamer0.10-plugins-bad</para>
680
 
                                        </listitem>
681
 
                                        <listitem>
682
 
                                                <para>gstreamer0.10-plugins-bad-multiverse</para>
683
 
                                        </listitem>
684
 
                                        <listitem>
685
 
                                                <para>gstreamer0.10-ffmpeg</para>
686
 
                                        </listitem>
687
 
                                </itemizedlist>
688
 
                        </para>
689
 
                        <note>
690
 
                                <title>Note:</title>
691
 
                                <para>To know more about which Gstreamer package contains which plugins, visit
692
 
                                the following Web site: <ulink url="http://gstreamer.freedesktop.org/documentation/plugins.html">http://gstreamer.freedesktop.org/documentation/plugins.html</ulink>
693
 
                                </para>
694
 
                        </note>
695
 
                        <para>Other applications, such as VLC, MPlayer and Xine, do not use the Gstreamer
696
 
                        framework.</para>
697
 
                        <para>You can use the Synaptic Package Manager, or the Command Line Interface
698
 
                        (CLI) to install these multimedia codecs available in the repositories.</para>
699
 
                        <tip><title><emphasis role="strong">Nice to Know:</emphasis></title>
700
 
                        <para>Codecs can be installed directly from the Movie Player. When Movie Player recognizes a format it
701
 
                        cannot play, it checks if a Gstreamer plugin is available for this format. If it finds one, you can install
702
 
                        the codec easily without following the lengthy solution presented below.</para></tip>
703
 
                        <para>To install a codec plugin using Synaptic Package Manager:
704
 
                                <orderedlist numeration="arabic">
705
 
                                        <listitem>
706
 
                                                <para>On the <emphasis role="strong">System</emphasis> menu, point to
707
 
                                                <emphasis role="strong">Administration</emphasis> and then click
708
 
                                                <emphasis role="strong">Synaptic Package Manager</emphasis>. The
709
 
                                                <emphasis role="strong">Synaptic Package Manager</emphasis> window
710
 
                                                opens.</para>
711
 
                                                <figure><title><emphasis role="italic">Launching Synaptic Package Manager</emphasis></title>
712
 
                                                        <mediaobject><imageobject>
713
 
                                                                <imagedata fileref="images/chapter9_image_040.png" format="PNG" />
714
 
                                                        </imageobject></mediaobject>
715
 
                                                </figure>
716
 
                                        </listitem>
717
 
                                        <listitem>
718
 
                                                <para>The <emphasis role="strong">Multiverse</emphasis> and
719
 
                                                <emphasis role="strong">Restricted</emphasis> repositories are not
720
 
                                                activated by default in Ubuntu. To install the additional multimedia
721
 
                                                codecs, you need to first activate these repositories. On the
722
 
                                                <emphasis role="strong">Settings</emphasis> menu, click
723
 
                                                <emphasis role="strong">Repositories</emphasis>. The
724
 
                                                <emphasis role="strong">Software</emphasis>
725
 
                                                <emphasis role="strong">Sources</emphasis> dialogue box is
726
 
                                                displayed.</para>
727
 
                                                <figure><title><emphasis role="italic">Displaying Software Sources</emphasis></title>
728
 
                                                        <mediaobject><imageobject>
729
 
                                                                <imagedata fileref="images/chapter9_image_041.png" format="PNG" />
730
 
                                                        </imageobject></mediaobject>
731
 
                                                </figure>
732
 
                                        </listitem>
733
 
                                        <listitem>
734
 
                                                <para>To enable the Multiverse and Restricted repositories, select the
735
 
                                                third and fourth check boxes available on the <emphasis role="strong">
736
 
                                                Ubuntu Software</emphasis> tabbed page, and click
737
 
                                                <emphasis role="strong">Close</emphasis> to exit the dialogue box.</para>
738
 
                                                <figure><title><emphasis role="italic">Enabling Repositories</emphasis></title>
739
 
                                                        <mediaobject><imageobject>
740
 
                                                                <imagedata fileref="images/chapter9_image_042.png" format="PNG" />
741
 
                                                        </imageobject></mediaobject>
742
 
                                                </figure>
743
 
                                        </listitem>
744
 
                                        <listitem>
745
 
                                                <para>You may receive a notification that your repository information
746
 
                                                has changed. Click <emphasis role="strong">Close</emphasis> to exit this
747
 
                                                message.</para>
748
 
                                                <figure><title><emphasis role="italic">Repositories Information Notification</emphasis></title>
749
 
                                                        <mediaobject><imageobject>
750
 
                                                                <imagedata fileref="images/chapter9_image_043.png" format="PNG" />
751
 
                                                        </imageobject></mediaobject>
752
 
                                                </figure>
753
 
                                        </listitem>
754
 
                                        <listitem>
755
 
                                                <para>Once you return to the Synaptic Package Manager window, you are
756
 
                                                required to click the <emphasis role="strong">Reload</emphasis> button
757
 
                                                to apply your changes.</para>
758
 
                                                <figure><title><emphasis role="italic">Applying Changes</emphasis></title>
759
 
                                                        <mediaobject><imageobject>
760
 
                                                                <imagedata fileref="images/chapter9_image_044.png" format="PNG" />
761
 
                                                        </imageobject></mediaobject>
762
 
                                                </figure>
763
 
                                        </listitem>
764
 
                                        <listitem>
765
 
                                                <para>On clicking the <emphasis role="strong">Reload</emphasis> button,
766
 
                                                the system starts checking the repositories for new, removed or upgraded
767
 
                                                software packages.</para>
768
 
                                                <figure><title><emphasis role="italic">Checking Package Information</emphasis></title>
769
 
                                                        <mediaobject><imageobject>
770
 
                                                                <imagedata fileref="images/chapter9_image_045.png" format="PNG" />
771
 
                                                        </imageobject></mediaobject>
772
 
                                                </figure>
773
 
                                        </listitem>
774
 
                                        <listitem>
775
 
                                                <para>After the Multiverse and Restricted repositories are added in the
776
 
                                                Ubuntu software sources, you can download and install additional
777
 
                                                multimedia codecs. To install a software package, you need to first
778
 
                                                locate the package in the Synaptic Package Manager window. You can
779
 
                                                either search for a specific software package manually or run a
780
 
                                                search using the search utility provided in the Synaptic Package Manager.
781
 
                                                To initiate a search for a specific package, click
782
 
                                                <emphasis role="strong">Search.</emphasis>
783
 
                                                </para>
784
 
                                                <figure><title><emphasis role="italic">Initiating Software Search</emphasis></title>
785
 
                                                        <mediaobject><imageobject>
786
 
                                                                <imagedata fileref="images/chapter9_image_046.png" format="PNG" />
787
 
                                                        </imageobject></mediaobject>
788
 
                                                </figure>
789
 
                                        </listitem>
790
 
                                        <listitem>
791
 
                                                <para>In the <emphasis role="strong">Search</emphasis> field, enter the
792
 
                                                name of the software package that you are looking for. Click
793
 
                                                <emphasis role="strong">Search</emphasis> to begin the search.</para>
794
 
                                                <figure><title><emphasis role="italic">Searching a Software Package</emphasis></title>
795
 
                                                        <mediaobject><imageobject>
796
 
                                                                <imagedata fileref="images/chapter9_image_047.png" format="PNG" />
797
 
                                                        </imageobject></mediaobject>
798
 
                                                </figure>
799
 
                                        </listitem>
800
 
                                        <listitem>
801
 
                                                <para>The search results are displayed in the right pane of the Synaptic
802
 
                                                package Manager window. Right-click the package to be installed and
803
 
                                                select <emphasis role="strong">Mark for Installation</emphasis>.</para>
804
 
                                                <figure><title><emphasis role="italic">Marking Packages for Installation</emphasis></title>
805
 
                                                        <mediaobject><imageobject>
806
 
                                                                <imagedata fileref="images/chapter9_image_048.png" format="PNG" />
807
 
                                                        </imageobject></mediaobject>
808
 
                                                </figure>
809
 
                                        </listitem>
810
 
                                        <listitem>
811
 
                                                <para>You can mark multiple packages for installation by following the
812
 
                                                same procedure. Once all the required packages are marked, click
813
 
                                                <emphasis role="strong">Apply</emphasis> to start downloading the packages. The <emphasis role="strong">Summary</emphasis> dialogue box is displayed.</para>
814
 
                                                <figure><title><emphasis role="italic">Initiating Package Download</emphasis></title>
815
 
                                                        <mediaobject><imageobject>
816
 
                                                                <imagedata fileref="images/chapter9_image_049.png" format="PNG" />
817
 
                                                        </imageobject></mediaobject>
818
 
                                                </figure>
819
 
                                        </listitem>
820
 
                                        <listitem>
821
 
                                                <para>The <emphasis role="strong">Summary</emphasis> dialogue box allows you to take a last look at all the software packages that you have marked for installation. To go ahead with the marked installations, click <emphasis role="strong">Apply.</emphasis>
822
 
                                                </para>
823
 
                                                <figure><title><emphasis role="italic">Conforming Package Installation</emphasis></title>
824
 
                                                        <mediaobject><imageobject>
825
 
                                                                <imagedata fileref="images/chapter9_image_050.png" format="PNG" />
826
 
                                                        </imageobject></mediaobject>
827
 
                                                </figure>
828
 
                                        </listitem>
829
 
                                        <listitem>
830
 
                                                <para>After all the marked software packages are downloaded and installed, the <emphasis role="strong">Changes Applied</emphasis> dialogue box is displayed. Click <emphasis role="strong">Close</emphasis> to exit the <emphasis role="strong">Changes Applied</emphasis> dialogue box.</para>
831
 
                                                <figure><title><emphasis role="italic">Changes Applied Notification</emphasis></title>
832
 
                                                        <mediaobject><imageobject>
833
 
                                                                <imagedata fileref="images/chapter9_image_051.png" format="PNG" />
834
 
                                                        </imageobject></mediaobject>
835
 
                                                </figure>
836
 
                                        </listitem>
837
 
                                        <listitem>
838
 
                                                <para>The check box corresponding to the recently installed software package has changed to green, indicating that the software has been installed successfully. You can repeat the same procedure to install all the multimedia codecs required for playing proprietary multimedia formats.</para>
839
 
                                                <figure><title><emphasis role="italic">Software Successfully Installed</emphasis></title>
840
 
                                                        <mediaobject><imageobject>
841
 
                                                                <imagedata fileref="images/chapter9_image_052.png" format="PNG" />
842
 
                                                        </imageobject></mediaobject>
843
 
                                                </figure>
844
 
                                        </listitem>
845
 
                                </orderedlist>
846
 
                        </para>
847
 
                </sect1>
848
 
                <sect1>
849
 
                        <title>Using an iPod</title>
850
 
                        <para>The iPod is a popular portable media player, designed and marketed by
851
 
                        Apple.  You can play music in MP3 and AAC (Advanced Audio Coding) audio file
852
 
                        formats and store up to ten thousand songs on the device itself. The iPod does not support free multimedia formats.</para>
853
 
                        <sect2>
854
 
                                <title>Playing Music Using an iPod</title>
855
 
                                <para>To play music using iPod:
856
 
                                        <orderedlist numeration="arabic">
857
 
                                                <listitem>
858
 
                                                        <para>Plug your iPod into one of your computer's USB ports.
859
 
                                                        Ubuntu automatically mounts it and places it as an icon on
860
 
                                                        your desktop. Simultaneously, the iPod device opens in the
861
 
                                                        Rhythmbox Music Player window. You can view all the files
862
 
                                                        loaded on your iPod device in the lower right pane of the
863
 
                                                        Rhythmbox window. To play a music track from your iPod,
864
 
                                                        just select the track from the list and click the <emphasis role="strong">Play</emphasis> button.</para>
865
 
                                                        <figure><title><emphasis role="italic">Plugging in an iPod</emphasis></title>
866
 
                                                                <mediaobject><imageobject>
867
 
                                                                        <imagedata fileref="images/chapter9_image_053.png" format="PNG" />
868
 
                                                                </imageobject></mediaobject>
869
 
                                                        </figure>
870
 
                                                </listitem>
871
 
                                                <listitem>
872
 
                                                        <para>The song starts playing in the Rhythmbox Music
873
 
                                                        Player. However, if the format of the music file is not supported
874
 
                                                        by the Rhythmbox Music Player, you may not be able to play
875
 
                                                        the file and you will receive an error message. In this case, you will need to follow the
876
 
                                                        procedure described in the previous section to download all
877
 
                                                        the necessary software codecs from the Ubuntu repositories.</para>
878
 
                                                        <figure><title><emphasis role="italic">Playing Music from iPod</emphasis></title>
879
 
                                                                <mediaobject><imageobject>
880
 
                                                                        <imagedata fileref="images/chapter9_image_054.png" format="PNG" />
881
 
                                                                </imageobject></mediaobject>
882
 
                                                        </figure>
883
 
                                                </listitem>
884
 
                                                <listitem>
885
 
                                                        <para>Ubuntu also allows you to transfer music files to and
886
 
                                                        from the iPod device. However, this is not possible using
887
 
                                                        Rhythmbox. You will need to install the
888
 
                                                        <emphasis role="strong">gtkpod</emphasis> software to be able to transfer
889
 
                                                        music file between your computer and the iPod device. You
890
 
                                                        can easily download this software from the Universe repository using
891
 
                                                        the Synaptic Package Manager.</para>
892
 
                                                        <para>To access gtkpod, after it is successfully installed on
893
 
                                                        your computer, on the <emphasis role="strong">Applications
894
 
                                                        </emphasis> menu, point to <emphasis role="strong">
895
 
                                                        Sound &amp; Video</emphasis> and then click <emphasis role="strong">gtkpod</emphasis>. The <emphasis role="strong">gtkpod
896
 
                                                        </emphasis> window opens.</para>
897
 
                                                        <figure><title><emphasis role="italic">Launching gtkpod</emphasis></title>
898
 
                                                                <mediaobject><imageobject>
899
 
                                                                        <imagedata fileref="images/chapter9_image_055.png" format="PNG" />
900
 
                                                                </imageobject></mediaobject>
901
 
                                                        </figure>
902
 
                                                </listitem>
903
 
                                                <listitem>
904
 
                                                        <para>You can view all the music files stored on the iPod
905
 
                                                        device in this gtkpod window. Notice that in the gtkpod
906
 
                                                        interface, your music files have automatically been
907
 
                                                        categorised based on artists, album and genre. This
908
 
                                                        categorisation helps you quickly browse through your
909
 
                                                        collection and select.</para>
910
 
                                                        <para>You can use the gtkpod interface to manage the files
911
 
                                                        on your iPod in multiple ways. You can create and edit
912
 
                                                        playlists, normalize the volume on single tracks or multiple
913
 
                                                        tracks at a time. You can also use the gtkpod interface to
914
 
                                                        add more files in your iPod or transfer files from your iPod onto
915
 
                                                        your computer. To add files from your computer to your iPod
916
 
                                                        device, click <emphasis role="strong">Files</emphasis>.
917
 
                                                        This displays the <emphasis role="strong">Add Files to
918
 
                                                        'device name'</emphasis> dialogue box.</para>
919
 
                                                        <figure><title><emphasis role="italic">Using gtkpod to transfer files to iPod</emphasis></title>
920
 
                                                                <mediaobject><imageobject>
921
 
                                                                        <imagedata fileref="images/chapter9_image_056.png" format="PNG" />
922
 
                                                                </imageobject></mediaobject>
923
 
                                                        </figure>
924
 
                                                </listitem>
925
 
                                                <listitem>
926
 
                                                        <para>In the <emphasis role="strong">Add Files to 'device
927
 
                                                        name'</emphasis> dialogue box, navigate down to the folder
928
 
                                                        from which you want to add the files to your iPod. Depending
929
 
                                                        on your preferences you may either add a single file at a time
930
 
                                                        or an entire directory. Select the tracks that you want added and click <emphasis role="strong">
931
 
                                                        Open.</emphasis>
932
 
                                                        </para>
933
 
                                                        <figure><title><emphasis role="italic">Selecting the Files to Transfer</emphasis></title>
934
 
                                                                <mediaobject><imageobject>
935
 
                                                                        <imagedata fileref="images/chapter9_image_057.png" format="PNG" />
936
 
                                                                </imageobject></mediaobject>
937
 
                                                        </figure>
938
 
                                                </listitem>
939
 
                                                <listitem>
940
 
                                                        <para>Gtkpod starts adding the files to your iPod. When the
941
 
                                                        process is complete a message "Successfully added files"
942
 
                                                        is quickly flashed at the bottom of the gtkpod window. You
943
 
                                                        can also view the recently added files in the bottom pane of
944
 
                                                        the gtkpod window.</para>
945
 
                                                        <para>You can repeat the aforementioned steps to add more
946
 
                                                        files from different folders. After you have added all the
947
 
                                                        required files to your iPod, click the <emphasis role="strong">
948
 
                                                        Save Changes</emphasis> button to load and save the files.</para>
949
 
                                                        <figure><title><emphasis role="italic">Updating the iPod</emphasis></title>
950
 
                                                                <mediaobject><imageobject>
951
 
                                                                        <imagedata fileref="images/chapter9_image_058.png" format="PNG" />
952
 
                                                                </imageobject></mediaobject>
953
 
                                                        </figure>
954
 
                                                </listitem>
955
 
                                                <listitem>
956
 
                                                        <para>When you are done updating your iPod and want to
957
 
                                                        disconnect it, close down the Rhythmbox window. Right-click
958
 
                                                        the iPod icon on the desktop and then select
959
 
                                                        <emphasis role="strong">Eject</emphasis>. Now you can
960
 
                                                        safely remove your iPod from the computer.</para>
961
 
                                                </listitem>
962
 
                                        </orderedlist>
963
 
                                </para>
964
 
                        </sect2>
965
 
                </sect1>
966
 
                <sect1>
967
 
                        <title>Creating and Editing Audio Files</title>
968
 
                        <para>Ubuntu provides you with various tools to create your own music
969
 
                        and audio files. The default application available in Ubuntu for creation of
970
 
                        audio files is the GNOME Sound Recorder. Similarly, you can also edit
971
 
                        audio files using Audacity.</para>
972
 
                        <sect2>
973
 
                                <title>Creating Audio Files</title>
974
 
                                <para>Ubuntu provides you with tools to create new audio files using
975
 
                                an input device such as a microphone. GNOME Sound Recorder is the
976
 
                                default application available in Ubuntu for creating audio files. To start
977
 
                                recording audio using GNOME Sound Recorder:
978
 
                                        <orderedlist numeration="arabic">
979
 
                                                <listitem>
980
 
                                                        <para>On the <emphasis role="strong">Applications
981
 
                                                        </emphasis> menu, point to <emphasis role="strong">
982
 
                                                        Sound &amp; Video</emphasis> and then click
983
 
                                                        <emphasis role="strong">Sound Recorder</emphasis>.
984
 
                                                        Alternatively, you can just press <emphasis role="strong">
985
 
                                                        ALT+F2</emphasis>, type <emphasis role="strong">
986
 
                                                        GNOME-sound-recorder</emphasis> and click
987
 
                                                        <emphasis role="strong">Run.</emphasis> The
988
 
                                                        <emphasis role="strong">Sound Recorder</emphasis> is
989
 
                                                        launched.</para>
990
 
                                                        <figure><title><emphasis role="italic">Launching Sound Recorder</emphasis></title>
991
 
                                                                <mediaobject><imageobject>
992
 
                                                                        <imagedata fileref="images/chapter9_image_059.png" format="PNG" />
993
 
                                                                </imageobject></mediaobject>
994
 
                                                        </figure>
995
 
                                                </listitem>
996
 
                                                <listitem>
997
 
                                                        <para>The Sound Recorder allows you to record and play
998
 
                                                        .flac, .ogg, and .wav audio files. To start a recording session,
999
 
                                                        you need to select an input device, such as a microphone,
1000
 
                                                        phone or line-in, from the <emphasis role="strong">Record
1001
 
                                                        from input</emphasis> drop-down list. You can also select
1002
 
                                                        the audio quality from the Record as drop-down list.</para>
1003
 
                                                        <figure><title><emphasis role="italic">Selecting the Input Device</emphasis></title>
1004
 
                                                                <mediaobject><imageobject>
1005
 
                                                                        <imagedata fileref="images/chapter9_image_060.png" format="PNG" />
1006
 
                                                                </imageobject></mediaobject>
1007
 
                                                        </figure>
1008
 
                                                </listitem>
1009
 
                                                <listitem>
1010
 
                                                        <para>Before starting the recording, it is advisable to
1011
 
                                                        configure the volume control settings to derive quality audio
1012
 
                                                        output. To access the volume controls, on the
1013
 
                                                        <emphasis role="strong">File</emphasis> menu, click
1014
 
                                                        <emphasis role="strong">Open Volume Control</emphasis>.</para>
1015
 
                                                        <figure><title><emphasis role="italic">Accessing Volume Controls</emphasis></title>
1016
 
                                                                <mediaobject><imageobject>
1017
 
                                                                        <imagedata fileref="images/chapter9_image_061.png" format="PNG" />
1018
 
                                                                </imageobject></mediaobject>
1019
 
                                                        </figure>
1020
 
                                                </listitem>
1021
 
                                                <listitem>
1022
 
                                                        <para>You use the slider buttons on the tracks to set the
1023
 
                                                        volume control for all the audio input and output devices. To
1024
 
                                                        further specify your volume preferences, click Preferences on
1025
 
                                                        the Edit menu. This opens the <emphasis role="strong">
1026
 
                                                        Volume Control Preferences</emphasis> dialogue box.</para>
1027
 
                                                        <figure><title><emphasis role="italic">Displaying Volume Preferences</emphasis></title>
1028
 
                                                                <mediaobject><imageobject>
1029
 
                                                                        <imagedata fileref="images/chapter9_image_062.png" format="PNG" />
1030
 
                                                                </imageobject></mediaobject>
1031
 
                                                        </figure>
1032
 
                                                </listitem>
1033
 
                                                <listitem>
1034
 
                                                        <para>The <emphasis role="strong">Volume Control
1035
 
                                                        Preferences</emphasis> dialogue box allows you refine the
1036
 
                                                        sound settings by selecting or clearing the various options.
1037
 
                                                        Click the <emphasis role="strong">Close</emphasis> button
1038
 
                                                        to exit this dialogue box.</para>
1039
 
                                                        <figure><title><emphasis role="italic">Configuring Sound Settings</emphasis></title>
1040
 
                                                                <mediaobject><imageobject>
1041
 
                                                                        <imagedata fileref="images/chapter9_image_063.png" format="PNG" />
1042
 
                                                                </imageobject></mediaobject>
1043
 
                                                        </figure>
1044
 
                                                        <para>You are returned to the <emphasis role="strong">
1045
 
                                                        Sound Recorder</emphasis> window. Now, you can start
1046
 
                                                        recording the audio from the selected input device by clicking
1047
 
                                                        the <emphasis role="strong">Record</emphasis> button. The
1048
 
                                                        recording starts.</para>
1049
 
                                                        <figure><title><emphasis role="italic">Recording Sound</emphasis></title>
1050
 
                                                                <mediaobject><imageobject>
1051
 
                                                                        <imagedata fileref="images/chapter9_image_064.png" format="PNG" />
1052
 
                                                                </imageobject></mediaobject>
1053
 
                                                        </figure>
1054
 
                                                </listitem>
1055
 
                                                <listitem>
1056
 
                                                        <para>After the recording is complete, you can play the
1057
 
                                                        recorded sound file by clicking the <emphasis role="strong">
1058
 
                                                        Play</emphasis> button. The progress indicator moves along
1059
 
                                                        the progress bar as the sound file is playing. You can also
1060
 
                                                        view the duration of the recorded file in minutes and seconds
1061
 
                                                        under the <emphasis role="strong">File information
1062
 
                                                        </emphasis> section.</para>
1063
 
                                                        <figure><title><emphasis role="italic">Playing Recorded Sound File</emphasis></title>
1064
 
                                                                <mediaobject><imageobject>
1065
 
                                                                        <imagedata fileref="images/chapter9_image_065.png" format="PNG" />
1066
 
                                                                </imageobject></mediaobject>
1067
 
                                                        </figure>
1068
 
                                                </listitem>
1069
 
                                        </orderedlist>
1070
 
                                </para>
1071
 
                        </sect2>
1072
 
                        <sect2>
1073
 
                                <title>Editing Audio Files</title>
1074
 
                                <para>You can use Audacity for editing audio files. However, Audacity
1075
 
                                is not included in the default installation of Ubuntu. But it is a free and
1076
 
                                open source software application, which can be installed easily from
1077
 
                                the Universe repository of Ubuntu. Therefore, you will first need to install
1078
 
                                Audacity using either the Add/Remove Applications or the Synaptic
1079
 
                                Package Manger.</para>
1080
 
                                <para>To edit audio files using Audacity:
1081
 
                                        <orderedlist numeration="arabic">
1082
 
                                                <listitem>
1083
 
                                                        <para>On the <emphasis role="strong">Applications</emphasis>
1084
 
                                                        menu, point to <emphasis role="strong">Sound &amp; Video</emphasis>
1085
 
                                                        and then click <emphasis role="strong">Audacity Sound
1086
 
                                                        Editor</emphasis>.</para>
1087
 
                                                        <figure><title><emphasis role="italic">Launching Audacity</emphasis></title>
1088
 
                                                                <mediaobject><imageobject>
1089
 
                                                                        <imagedata fileref="images/chapter9_image_066.png" format="PNG" />
1090
 
                                                                </imageobject></mediaobject>
1091
 
                                                        </figure>
1092
 
                                                </listitem>
1093
 
                                                <listitem>
1094
 
                                                        <para>When you access Audacity for the first time, it will
1095
 
                                                        ask you to select a language to use with the application.
1096
 
                                                        Apart from English, Audacity provides language support for
1097
 
                                                        more than 30 languages, including Arabic, Bulgarian,
1098
 
                                                        catalan, Czech, Danish, Finnish and many more. Select the
1099
 
                                                        language of your preference from the <emphasis role="strong">
1100
 
                                                        Choose Language for Audacity to use</emphasis> drop-down
1101
 
                                                        list and click <emphasis role="strong">OK</emphasis>.</para>
1102
 
                                                        <figure><title><emphasis role="italic">Selecting Language for Audacity</emphasis></title>
1103
 
                                                                <mediaobject><imageobject>
1104
 
                                                                        <imagedata fileref="images/chapter9_image_067.png" format="PNG" />
1105
 
                                                                </imageobject></mediaobject>
1106
 
                                                        </figure>
1107
 
                                                </listitem>
1108
 
                                                <listitem>
1109
 
                                                        <para>The Audacity main interface window is displayed. You
1110
 
                                                        can use the various controls and tools available on this
1111
 
                                                        window to play, create and edit audio files.</para>
1112
 
                                                        <figure><title><emphasis role="italic">The Audacity Window</emphasis></title>
1113
 
                                                                <mediaobject><imageobject>
1114
 
                                                                        <imagedata fileref="images/chapter9_image_068.png" format="PNG" />
1115
 
                                                                </imageobject></mediaobject>
1116
 
                                                        </figure>
1117
 
                                                </listitem>
1118
 
                                                <listitem>
1119
 
                                                        <para>You can now start editing an existing audio file in
1120
 
                                                        Audacity. To do so, you need to first import the audio file into
1121
 
                                                        Audacity. To import an audio file, on the
1122
 
                                                        <emphasis role="strong">File</emphasis> menu, point to
1123
 
                                                        <emphasis role="strong">Import</emphasis> and then
1124
 
                                                        select <emphasis role="strong">Audio</emphasis>. The
1125
 
                                                        <emphasis role="strong">Select one or more audio files
1126
 
                                                        </emphasis> dialogue box opens.</para>
1127
 
                                                        <figure><title><emphasis role="italic">Importing Audio Files into Audacity</emphasis></title>
1128
 
                                                                <mediaobject><imageobject>
1129
 
                                                                        <imagedata fileref="images/chapter9_image_069.png" format="PNG" />
1130
 
                                                                </imageobject></mediaobject>
1131
 
                                                        </figure>
1132
 
                                                </listitem>
1133
 
                                                <listitem>
1134
 
                                                        <para>Select the audio file that you want to edit and click
1135
 
                                                        <emphasis role="strong">Open</emphasis> to open the file
1136
 
                                                        in Audacity.</para>
1137
 
                                                        <figure><title><emphasis role="italic">Selecting the Files to Import</emphasis></title>
1138
 
                                                                <mediaobject><imageobject>
1139
 
                                                                        <imagedata fileref="images/chapter9_image_070.png" format="PNG" />
1140
 
                                                                </imageobject></mediaobject>
1141
 
                                                        </figure>
1142
 
                                                </listitem>
1143
 
                                                <listitem>
1144
 
                                                        <para>The selected audio file opens in the Audacity
1145
 
                                                        interface. The audio file is represented as the blue waves in
1146
 
                                                        the lower part of the Audacity window. Now you can perform
1147
 
                                                        a whole range of tasks on this file.You can cut off some
1148
 
                                                        unwanted portion of the imported audio file, insert silence at
1149
 
                                                        some point, can add various audio effects on different
1150
 
                                                        sections of the file and may even export the file into an
1151
 
                                                        altogether different file format.</para>
1152
 
                                                        <para>In addition, Audacity also allows you to play an audio
1153
 
                                                        file. Click the <emphasis role="strong">Play</emphasis>
1154
 
                                                        button to start playing the audio file.</para>
1155
 
                                                        <figure><title><emphasis role="italic">Playing the Imported File</emphasis></title>
1156
 
                                                                <mediaobject><imageobject>
1157
 
                                                                        <imagedata fileref="images/chapter9_image_071.png" format="PNG" />
1158
 
                                                                </imageobject></mediaobject>
1159
 
                                                        </figure>
1160
 
                                                </listitem>
1161
 
                                                <listitem>
1162
 
                                                        <para>The audio file starts playing in the Audacity audio
1163
 
                                                        editor. You can use the various tools available with Audacity
1164
 
                                                        to start editing the current audio file:</para>
1165
 
                                                        <itemizedlist>
1166
 
                                                                <listitem>
1167
 
                                                                        <para>Magnifying tool: If you find that due to the length
1168
 
                                                                        of the current file, you are unable to view the portions
1169
 
                                                                        that you want to edit, you can use the Magnifying tool.
1170
 
                                                                        This will let you zoom in on a specific area.</para>
1171
 
                                                                </listitem>
1172
 
                                                                <listitem>
1173
 
                                                                        <para>Envelop tool: This enables you to change the
1174
 
                                                                        volume of specific selections of the sound file.</para>
1175
 
                                                                </listitem>
1176
 
                                                                <listitem>
1177
 
                                                                        <para>Time Shift tool: Allows you to move the
1178
 
                                                                        entire sound file in relation to time; helpful
1179
 
                                                                        when you are working with multiple tracks.</para>
1180
 
                                                                </listitem>
1181
 
                                                                <listitem>
1182
 
                                                                        <para>Selection tool: Enables you to highlight portions of the sound file on which you want to
1183
 
                                                                        work.</para>
1184
 
                                                                </listitem>
1185
 
                                                        </itemizedlist>
1186
 
                                                        <para>To start editing a specific portion of the sound file,
1187
 
                                                        activate the <emphasis role="strong">Selection</emphasis>
1188
 
                                                        tool by clicking it.</para>
1189
 
                                                        <figure><title><emphasis role="italic">Picking the Selection Tool</emphasis></title>
1190
 
                                                                <mediaobject><imageobject>
1191
 
                                                                        <imagedata fileref="images/chapter9_image_072.png" format="PNG" />
1192
 
                                                                </imageobject></mediaobject>
1193
 
                                                        </figure>
1194
 
                                                </listitem>
1195
 
                                                <listitem>
1196
 
                                                        <para>Select the area you wish to edit by dragging across
1197
 
                                                        the area while pressing the left mouse button. The selected
1198
 
                                                        area appears in a shade of darker gray.</para>
1199
 
                                                        <figure><title><emphasis role="italic">Selecting Audio Portion to Edit</emphasis></title>
1200
 
                                                                <mediaobject><imageobject>
1201
 
                                                                        <imagedata fileref="images/chapter9_image_073.png" format="PNG" />
1202
 
                                                                </imageobject></mediaobject>
1203
 
                                                        </figure>
1204
 
                                                </listitem>
1205
 
                                                <listitem>
1206
 
                                                        <para>You can now cut the area if you wish to remove this
1207
 
                                                        part of the audio file otherwise, edit this portion by applying
1208
 
                                                        various sound effects to it. The Effect menu contains all the
1209
 
                                                        digital audio effects that you can apply on an audio file. Some
1210
 
                                                        of these are:</para>
1211
 
                                                        <itemizedlist>
1212
 
                                                                <listitem>
1213
 
                                                                        <para>Amplify - Increases or decreases volume without
1214
 
                                                                        altering sound quality</para>
1215
 
                                                                </listitem>
1216
 
                                                                <listitem>
1217
 
                                                                        <para>BassBoost - Increases the volume of a specific
1218
 
                                                                        frequency.</para>
1219
 
                                                                </listitem>
1220
 
                                                                <listitem>
1221
 
                                                                        <para>Echo - Allows you to add an echo specify the delay time.</para>
1222
 
                                                                </listitem>
1223
 
                                                                <listitem>
1224
 
                                                                        <para>Fade in - Fades from silence to the present volume</para>
1225
 
                                                                </listitem>
1226
 
                                                                <listitem>
1227
 
                                                                        <para>Fade out - Fades from present volume to silence</para>
1228
 
                                                                </listitem>
1229
 
                                                                <listitem>
1230
 
                                                                        <para>Invert - Flips the audio samples upside down</para>
1231
 
                                                                </listitem>
1232
 
                                                                <listitem>
1233
 
                                                                        <para>Noise Removal-Allows you to remove background noise</para>
1234
 
                                                                </listitem>
1235
 
                                                                <listitem>
1236
 
                                                                        <para>Reverse - Allows you to play the selection backward</para>
1237
 
                                                                </listitem>
1238
 
                                                        </itemizedlist>
1239
 
                                                        <para>To increase the volume of the selected portion, on the
1240
 
                                                        <emphasis role="strong">Effect</emphasis> menu, select
1241
 
                                                        <emphasis role="strong">Amplify</emphasis>. The
1242
 
                                                        <emphasis role="strong">Amplify</emphasis> window opens.</para>
1243
 
                                                        <figure><title><emphasis role="italic">Applying Sound Effects</emphasis></title>
1244
 
                                                                <mediaobject><imageobject>
1245
 
                                                                        <imagedata fileref="images/chapter9_image_074.png" format="PNG" />
1246
 
                                                                </imageobject></mediaobject>
1247
 
                                                        </figure>
1248
 
                                                </listitem>
1249
 
                                                <listitem>
1250
 
                                                        <para>In the <emphasis role="strong">Amplify</emphasis>
1251
 
                                                        window, you can use the slide bar to increase or decrease
1252
 
                                                        the amplification. Click OK to apply the effect to the selected
1253
 
                                                        portion of the audio.</para>
1254
 
                                                        <figure><title><emphasis role="italic">Amplifying the Audio Clip</emphasis></title>
1255
 
                                                                <mediaobject><imageobject>
1256
 
                                                                        <imagedata fileref="images/chapter9_image_075.png" format="PNG" />
1257
 
                                                                </imageobject></mediaobject>
1258
 
                                                        </figure>
1259
 
                                                </listitem>
1260
 
                                                <listitem>
1261
 
                                                        <para>Notice that the blue waves in the selected area have
1262
 
                                                        changed. You can now listen to the changed audio by clicking
1263
 
                                                        the <emphasis role="strong">Play</emphasis> button.</para>
1264
 
                                                        <figure><title><emphasis role="italic">Verifying the Edit Effects </emphasis></title>
1265
 
                                                                <mediaobject><imageobject>
1266
 
                                                                        <imagedata fileref="images/chapter9_image_076.png" format="PNG" />
1267
 
                                                                </imageobject></mediaobject>
1268
 
                                                        </figure>
1269
 
                                                </listitem>
1270
 
                                                <listitem>
1271
 
                                                        <para>After you are satisfied with all the edit effects, you can
1272
 
                                                        save the edited audio file. Because the default audio format of
1273
 
                                                        Audacity is not readily supported by many applications you should save the file in a more
1274
 
                                                        popular audio format, such as Ogg Vorbis or MP3.</para>
1275
 
                                                        <para>To save the file in a different file format, click
1276
 
                                                        <emphasis role="strong">Export</emphasis>.</para>
1277
 
                                                        <figure><title><emphasis role="italic">Exporting Audio File </emphasis></title>
1278
 
                                                                <mediaobject><imageobject>
1279
 
                                                                        <imagedata fileref="images/chapter9_image_077.png" format="PNG" />
1280
 
                                                                </imageobject></mediaobject>
1281
 
                                                        </figure>
1282
 
                                                </listitem>
1283
 
                                                <listitem>
1284
 
                                                        <para>In the <emphasis role="strong">Export File</emphasis>
1285
 
                                                        dialogue box, select the folder where you want to save the file. 
1286
 
                                                        Then, select the desired file format from the
1287
 
                                                        drop-down list and then click <emphasis role="strong">Save
1288
 
                                                        </emphasis> to export the file in the specified file format.</para>
1289
 
                                                        <figure><title><emphasis role="italic">Exporting as MP3 File</emphasis></title>
1290
 
                                                                <mediaobject><imageobject>
1291
 
                                                                        <imagedata fileref="images/chapter9_image_078.png" format="PNG" />
1292
 
                                                                </imageobject></mediaobject>
1293
 
                                                        </figure>
1294
 
                                                </listitem>
1295
 
                                                <listitem>
1296
 
                                                        <para>Audacity starts exporting the file in the specified file
1297
 
                                                        format. This process may take up some time depending on
1298
 
                                                        the length of the audio file.</para>
1299
 
                                                        <figure><title><emphasis role="italic">Export Progress Indicator</emphasis></title>
1300
 
                                                                <mediaobject><imageobject>
1301
 
                                                                        <imagedata fileref="images/chapter9_image_079.png" format="PNG" />
1302
 
                                                                </imageobject></mediaobject>
1303
 
                                                        </figure>
1304
 
                                                        <para>The audio file is exported to the specified location.
1305
 
                                                        You can now close the Audacity window and listen to the
1306
 
                                                        edited audio file whenever you wish.</para>
1307
 
                                                </listitem>
1308
 
                                        </orderedlist>
1309
 
                                </para>
1310
 
                        </sect2>
1311
 
                </sect1>
1312
 
                <sect1>
1313
 
                        <title>Playing DVDs</title>
1314
 
                        <para>By default, Ubuntu is capable of playing DVDs that are not
1315
 
                        scrambled. Most commercial DVDs are scrambled with the Content
1316
 
                        Scrambling System (CSS), which attempts to restrict the sotware that
1317
 
                        can play a DVD. Due to legal restrictions surrounding the scrambled
1318
 
                        format, as well as Ubuntu's total commitment to free multimedia formats, 
1319
 
                        some software packages needed for encrypted DVD
1320
 
                        playback are not installed by default in Ubuntu. You can install these
1321
 
                        packages from Ubuntu repositories to enable the playback of scrambled
1322
 
                        DVDs.</para>
1323
 
                        <note>
1324
 
                                <title>Note:</title>
1325
 
                                <para>It is possible that the use of some of the following software to play or copy DVDs
1326
 
                                is not permitted by law in some countries. Please clarify your rights before proceeding.</para>
1327
 
                        </note>
1328
 
                        <para>You may also consider downloading the following additional
1329
 
                        applications that are capable of playing certain formats by default:</para>
1330
 
                        <itemizedlist>
1331
 
                                <listitem>
1332
 
                                        <para>Mplayer movie player</para>
1333
 
                                </listitem>
1334
 
                                <listitem>
1335
 
                                        <para>VLC media player</para>
1336
 
                                </listitem>
1337
 
                                <listitem>
1338
 
                                        <para>Xine</para>
1339
 
                                </listitem>
1340
 
                                <listitem>
1341
 
                                        <para>Totem-xine</para>
1342
 
                                </listitem>
1343
 
                        </itemizedlist>
1344
 
                        <para>Totem-gstreamer, the default movie player included in
1345
 
                                                        Ubuntu can automatically play a DVD when it is inserted into the DVD drive. 
1346
 
                                                        However, it will not provide access to the DVD menu.
1347
 
                        Other free software media players like VLC, mplayer and xine do make the DVD menu available.</para>
1348
 
                        <sect2>
1349
 
                                <title>Playing DVDs in Totem</title>
1350
 
                                <para>After you have installed all the required software packages from
1351
 
                                various Ubuntu repositories, you can play a DVD on your Totem movie
1352
 
                                player. To play a DVD on Totem:
1353
 
                                        <orderedlist numeration="arabic">
1354
 
                                                <listitem>
1355
 
                                                        <para>Insert the DVD in the DVD drive of your computer.
1356
 
                                                        This will automatically launch the Totem and the DVD will
1357
 
                                                        start playing.</para>
1358
 
                                                        <figure><title><emphasis role="italic">Playing DVD in Totem</emphasis></title>
1359
 
                                                                <mediaobject><imageobject>
1360
 
                                                                        <imagedata fileref="images/chapter9_image_080.png" format="PNG" />
1361
 
                                                                </imageobject></mediaobject>
1362
 
                                                        </figure>
1363
 
                                                </listitem>
1364
 
                                                <listitem>
1365
 
                                                        <para>To view the DVD in full screen mode, on the
1366
 
                                                        <emphasis role="strong">View</emphasis> menu, click
1367
 
                                                        <emphasis role="strong">Fullscreen</emphasis>.
1368
 
                                                        Alternatively, you can simply press <emphasis role="strong">
1369
 
                                                        F</emphasis> on your keyboard.</para>
1370
 
                                                        <figure><title><emphasis role="italic">Enabling the Full Screen View</emphasis></title>
1371
 
                                                                <mediaobject><imageobject>
1372
 
                                                                        <imagedata fileref="images/chapter9_image_081.png" format="PNG" />
1373
 
                                                                </imageobject></mediaobject>
1374
 
                                                        </figure>
1375
 
                                                </listitem>
1376
 
                                                <listitem>
1377
 
                                                        <para>You can enjoy the DVD in full screen mode or press <emphasis role="strong">ESC</emphasis> and
1378
 
                                                        return to the Totem window.</para>
1379
 
                                                        <figure><title><emphasis role="italic">Viewing DVD in Full Screen</emphasis></title>
1380
 
                                                                <mediaobject><imageobject>
1381
 
                                                                        <imagedata fileref="images/chapter9_image_082.png" format="PNG" />
1382
 
                                                                </imageobject></mediaobject>
1383
 
                                                        </figure>
1384
 
                                                </listitem>
1385
 
                                                <listitem>
1386
 
                                                        <para>Totem also allows you to configure some settings to
1387
 
                                                        view the DVD according to your preferences. To configure the
1388
 
                                                        preferences settings, on the <emphasis role="strong">Edit
1389
 
                                                        </emphasis> menu, click <emphasis role="strong">
1390
 
                                                        Preferences</emphasis>.</para>
1391
 
                                                        <figure><title><emphasis role="italic">Displaying Totem Configuration</emphasis></title>
1392
 
                                                                <mediaobject><imageobject>
1393
 
                                                                        <imagedata fileref="images/chapter9_image_083.png" format="PNG" />
1394
 
                                                                </imageobject></mediaobject>
1395
 
                                                        </figure>
1396
 
                                                </listitem>
1397
 
                                                <listitem>
1398
 
                                                        <para>You can use the Preferences dialogue box to define
1399
 
                                                        various display settings, such as the brightness, colour, hue
1400
 
                                                        and saturation of the display. After specifying your
1401
 
                                                        preferences, click <emphasis role="strong">Close
1402
 
                                                        </emphasis> to exit the dialogue box.</para>
1403
 
                                                        <figure><title><emphasis role="italic">Customising Display Settings</emphasis></title>
1404
 
                                                                <mediaobject><imageobject>
1405
 
                                                                        <imagedata fileref="images/chapter9_image_084.png" format="PNG" />
1406
 
                                                                </imageobject></mediaobject>
1407
 
                                                        </figure>
1408
 
                                                </listitem>
1409
 
                                                <listitem>
1410
 
                                                        <para>When watching a DVD, you can use the various
1411
 
                                                        options provided in the <emphasis role="strong">Go
1412
 
                                                        </emphasis> menu to navigate inside the DVD. To skip to the
1413
 
                                                        next frame, on the <emphasis role="strong">Go</emphasis>
1414
 
                                                        menu, click <emphasis role="strong">Skip Forwards
1415
 
                                                        </emphasis>.</para>
1416
 
                                                        <figure><title><emphasis role="italic">Navigating Inside DVD</emphasis></title>
1417
 
                                                                <mediaobject><imageobject>
1418
 
                                                                        <imagedata fileref="images/chapter9_image_085.png" format="PNG" />
1419
 
                                                                </imageobject></mediaobject>
1420
 
                                                        </figure>
1421
 
                                                </listitem>
1422
 
                                                <listitem>
1423
 
                                                        <para>You are taken to the next frame in the DVD. If you do
1424
 
                                                        not want to view the side bar when playing the DVD, click the
1425
 
                                                        <emphasis role="strong">Sidebar</emphasis> button.</para>
1426
 
                                                        <figure><title><emphasis role="italic">Hiding the Sidebar</emphasis></title>
1427
 
                                                                <mediaobject><imageobject>
1428
 
                                                                        <imagedata fileref="images/chapter9_image_086.png" format="PNG" />
1429
 
                                                                </imageobject></mediaobject>
1430
 
                                                        </figure>
1431
 
                                                        <figure><title><emphasis role="italic">Viewing the DVD</emphasis></title>
1432
 
                                                                <mediaobject><imageobject>
1433
 
                                                                        <imagedata fileref="images/chapter9_image_087.png" format="PNG" />
1434
 
                                                                </imageobject></mediaobject>
1435
 
                                                        </figure>
1436
 
                                                </listitem>
1437
 
                                                <listitem>
1438
 
                                                        <para>This hides the side bar and now you can view the DVD
1439
 
                                                        on a larger space and simultaneously, have all the playback
1440
 
                                                        controls right in front of you.</para>
1441
 
                                                </listitem>
1442
 
                                        </orderedlist>
1443
 
                                </para>
1444
 
                        </sect2>
1445
 
                        <sect2>
1446
 
                                <title>Backing up DVDs</title>
1447
 
                                <para>If you have a collection of old and not-so-easy-to-find
1448
 
                                DVDs, you may wish to back up these on your computer or create
1449
 
                                extra copies of them. You may even want to extract certain tracks from
1450
 
                                your DVD and watch it later. To do so, Ubuntu provides you with a
1451
 
                                number of DVD backup applications or DVD rippers. Although these
1452
 
                                applications are not included in Ubuntu by default, you can download and install 
1453
 
                                them from the Ubuntu repositories. Some of
1454
 
                                these applications are:
1455
 
                                        <itemizedlist>
1456
 
                                                <listitem>
1457
 
                                                        <para>Thoggen</para>
1458
 
                                                </listitem>
1459
 
                                                <listitem>
1460
 
                                                        <para>K9copy</para>
1461
 
                                                </listitem>
1462
 
                                                <listitem>
1463
 
                                                        <para>dvd::rip</para>
1464
 
                                                </listitem>
1465
 
                                                <listitem>
1466
 
                                                        <para>HandBrake</para>
1467
 
                                                </listitem>
1468
 
                                        </itemizedlist>
1469
 
                                </para>
1470
 
                                <instructornote><title>Instructor Notes:</title>
1471
 
                                <para><emphasis role="italic">If the students want to know more about the above applications, advise them to visit the following Web pages: For dvd::rip- <ulink url="http://www2.exit1.org/dvdrip/">http://www2.exit1.org/dvdrip/</ulink> For K9copy- <ulink url="http://k9copy.sourceforge.net/">http://k9copy.sourceforge.net/</ulink> For HandBrake- <ulink url="http://handbrake.m0k.org/?chapter=documentation">http://handbrake.m0k.org/?chapter=documentation</ulink></emphasis></para></instructornote>
1472
 
                                <para><emphasis role="strong">Backing up DVDs Using Thoggen</emphasis></para>
1473
 
                                <para>Thoggen is a DVD backup utility for Linux, based on
1474
 
                                GStreamer and Gtk+. This application is designed to be easy-to-use.
1475
 
                                Rather than exposing the complexities of the DVD ripping process,
1476
 
                                which many other applications tend to do, it tries to simplify the
1477
 
                                process for average users by offering sensible default options.</para>
1478
 
                                <para>Thoggen includes certain key features:
1479
 
                                        <itemizedlist>
1480
 
                                                <listitem>
1481
 
                                                        <para>Is easy to use and has a nice graphical user interface
1482
 
                                                        (GUI)</para>
1483
 
                                                </listitem>
1484
 
                                                <listitem>
1485
 
                                                        <para>Supports title preview, picture cropping, and picture
1486
 
                                                        resizing</para>
1487
 
                                                </listitem>
1488
 
                                                <listitem>
1489
 
                                                        <para>Provides language Selection for audio track</para>
1490
 
                                                </listitem>
1491
 
                                                <listitem>
1492
 
                                                        <para>Encodes into Ogg/Theora video</para>
1493
 
                                                </listitem>
1494
 
                                                <listitem>
1495
 
                                                        <para>Can encode from local directory with video DVD files</para>
1496
 
                                                </listitem>
1497
 
                                                <listitem>
1498
 
                                                        <para>Is based on the GStreamer multimedia framework,
1499
 
                                                        which makes it fairly easy to add additional encoding
1500
 
                                                        formats/codecs in future.</para>
1501
 
                                                </listitem>
1502
 
                                        </itemizedlist>
1503
 
                                </para>
1504
 
                                <note>
1505
 
                                        <title>Note:</title>
1506
 
                                        <para>Thoggen is still beta software, but should work fine
1507
 
                                        nevertheless. It is advisable, however, to check the list of known
1508
 
                                        issues at <ulink url="http://thoggen.net/download/">http://thoggen.net/download/</ulink>
1509
 
                                        </para>
1510
 
                                </note>
1511
 
                                <para>To be able to back up your DVD using Thoggen, you need to
1512
 
                                first install it. You can easily find this application in the Universe repository of Synaptic
1513
 
                                Package Manager and install it on your computer.</para>
1514
 
                                <figure><title><emphasis role="italic">Installing Thoggen</emphasis></title>
1515
 
                                        <mediaobject><imageobject>
1516
 
                                                <imagedata fileref="images/chapter9_image_088.png" format="PNG" />
1517
 
                                        </imageobject></mediaobject>
1518
 
                                </figure>
1519
 
                                <para>To start backing up your DVD using Thoggen:
1520
 
                                        <orderedlist numeration="arabic">
1521
 
                                                <listitem>
1522
 
                                                        <para>On the <emphasis role="strong">Applications
1523
 
                                                        </emphasis> menu, point to <emphasis role="strong">
1524
 
                                                        Sound &amp; Video</emphasis> and then click
1525
 
                                                        <emphasis role="strong">Thoggen DVD Ripper</emphasis>.</para>
1526
 
                                                        <figure><title><emphasis role="italic">Launching Thoggen</emphasis></title>
1527
 
                                                                <mediaobject><imageobject>
1528
 
                                                                        <imagedata fileref="images/chapter9_image_089.png" format="PNG" />
1529
 
                                                                </imageobject></mediaobject>
1530
 
                                                        </figure>
1531
 
                                                </listitem>
1532
 
                                                <listitem>
1533
 
                                                        <para>The <emphasis role="strong">Thoggen</emphasis>
1534
 
                                                        window appears. As a first step to backing up your DVD, it simply
1535
 
                                                        asks you to select the specific tracks on the DVD that you
1536
 
                                                        want to back up. Specify the tracks by selecting the
1537
 
                                                        corresponding check boxes and then click
1538
 
                                                        <emphasis role="strong">OK</emphasis> to proceed.</para>
1539
 
                                                        <figure><title><emphasis role="italic">Specifying the Tracks to Back up</emphasis></title>
1540
 
                                                                <mediaobject><imageobject>
1541
 
                                                                        <imagedata fileref="images/chapter9_image_090.png" format="PNG" />
1542
 
                                                                </imageobject></mediaobject>
1543
 
                                                        </figure>
1544
 
                                                </listitem>
1545
 
                                                <listitem>
1546
 
                                                        <para>In the next step of the backing up process, you are
1547
 
                                                        allowed to view and configure some of the settings according
1548
 
                                                        to your requirements. You can select the picture size from
1549
 
                                                        the corresponding drop-down list and define the output crop, by clicking the
1550
 
                                                        <emphasis role="strong">Configure Cropping</emphasis>
1551
 
                                                        button. Otherwise, you cam simply click
1552
 
                                                        <emphasis role="strong">OK</emphasis> to accept the
1553
 
                                                        default settings and continue with the process of backing up
1554
 
                                                        your DVD.</para>
1555
 
                                                        <figure><title><emphasis role="italic">Changing Default Settings</emphasis></title>
1556
 
                                                                <mediaobject><imageobject>
1557
 
                                                                        <imagedata fileref="images/chapter9_image_091.png" format="PNG" />
1558
 
                                                                </imageobject></mediaobject>
1559
 
                                                        </figure>
1560
 
                                                </listitem>
1561
 
                                                <listitem>
1562
 
                                                        <para>The DVD backing process starts immediately. You
1563
 
                                                        can view the progress of the current as well as the entire
1564
 
                                                        process in the <emphasis role="strong">Progress</emphasis>
1565
 
                                                        section of the Thoggen window. Thoggen takes quite long to
1566
 
                                                        backup a DVD. However, the final output is quite satisfying.</para>
1567
 
                                                        <figure><title><emphasis role="italic">Backing up DVD</emphasis></title>
1568
 
                                                                <mediaobject><imageobject>
1569
 
                                                                        <imagedata fileref="images/chapter9_image_092.png" format="PNG" />
1570
 
                                                                </imageobject></mediaobject>
1571
 
                                                        </figure>
1572
 
                                                </listitem>
1573
 
                                        </orderedlist>
1574
 
                                </para>
1575
 
                        </sect2>
1576
 
                </sect1>
1577
 
                <sect1>
1578
 
                        <title>Playing Online Media</title>
1579
 
                        <para>Ubuntu provides you with tools to directly play music and
1580
 
                        videos available on the Internet. You can listen and watch online videos
1581
 
                        and audios directly from within your browser but may require to install
1582
 
                        some special player for this. Your ability to watch or listen to online media
1583
 
                        depends on how the provider of the music and video has made
1584
 
                        them available.</para>
1585
 
                        <sect2>
1586
 
                                <title>Watching Videos in a Web Browser</title>
1587
 
                                <para>You can play many of the videos available on the Internet
1588
 
                                directly from within your browser. For example, You can watch the
1589
 
                                Google videos and the You Tube videos directly in your FireFox
1590
 
                                window without installing any special player or additional browser
1591
 
                                plugins. The following screenshot displays a video being played inside
1592
 
                                the Firefox window:</para>
1593
 
                                <figure><title><emphasis role="italic">Watching Video in a Web Browser</emphasis></title>
1594
 
                                        <mediaobject><imageobject>
1595
 
                                                <imagedata fileref="images/chapter9_image_093.png" format="PNG" />
1596
 
                                        </imageobject></mediaobject>
1597
 
                                </figure>
1598
 
                                <para>However, depending on the format of the video that you want to
1599
 
                                watch, you may also require to download and install certain additional
1600
 
                                browser plugins. Some of the plugins available for the default Firefox
1601
 
                                web browser are:
1602
 
                                        <itemizedlist>
1603
 
                                                <listitem>
1604
 
                                                        <para><emphasis role="strong">Totem Xine plugin:</emphasis>
1605
 
                                                        Install the <emphasis role="strong">totem-xine-firefox-plugin</emphasis>
1606
 
                                                        package from the "Universe" repository.</para>
1607
 
                                                </listitem>
1608
 
                                                <listitem>
1609
 
                                                        <para><emphasis role="strong">Totem gstreamer plugin:</emphasis>
1610
 
                                                        Install the <emphasis role="strong">
1611
 
                                                        totem-gstreamer-firefox-plugin</emphasis> package from the
1612
 
                                                        "Universe" repository.</para>
1613
 
                                                </listitem>
1614
 
                                                <listitem>
1615
 
                                                        <para><emphasis role="strong">Mplayer plugin:</emphasis>
1616
 
                                                        Install the <emphasis role="strong">mozilla-mplayer</emphasis>
1617
 
                                                        package from the Universe repository</para>
1618
 
                                                </listitem>
1619
 
                                                <listitem>
1620
 
                                                        <para><emphasis role="strong">Flash plugin:</emphasis>
1621
 
                                                        install the <emphasis role="strong">flashplugin-nonfree</emphasis>
1622
 
                                                        package from the "Multiverse" repository</para>
1623
 
                                                </listitem>
1624
 
                                        </itemizedlist>
1625
 
                                </para>
1626
 
                                <para>The plugin installation process depends on the framework you
1627
 
                                use. If you use Totem-gstreamer, the default movie player included in
1628
 
                                Ubuntu, you need to install the totem-gstreamer-firefox-plugin
1629
 
                                package. However, to enable playing streaming video in your browser,
1630
 
                                you need to first install the Microsoft Windows codec and then install the totem
1631
 
                                plugin.</para>
1632
 
                                <para>You can even install an additional mediaplayer, such as
1633
 
                                RealPlayer 10, to watch online video streams in Realmedia formats.
1634
 
                                When you have installed all the above mentioned plugins and codecs,
1635
 
                                you can watch RealMedia files even with your default media player,
1636
 
                                such as Totem. But, you may also want to install RealPlayer on
1637
 
                                your computer because RealPlayer supports streaming RealMedia
1638
 
                                files slightly better than other players.</para>
1639
 
                                <para>The RealPlayer, developed by RealNetworks, supports a
1640
 
                                number of audio and video codecs such as realaudio, realvideo 10,
1641
 
                                mp3, ogg vorbis and theora, h263 and AAC. The RealPlayer for Linux
1642
 
                                is available in the Canonical commercial repository and can also be
1643
 
                                freely downloaded from the RealPlayer web site.</para>
1644
 
                                <note>
1645
 
                                        <title>Note:</title>
1646
 
                                        <para>RealPlayer is a proprietary software and is not supported by
1647
 
                                        the Ubuntu community.</para>
1648
 
                                </note>
1649
 
                                <para><emphasis role="strong">Installing RealPlayer</emphasis></para>
1650
 
                                <para>As mentioned above, the realPlayer for Linux is available in the
1651
 
                                Canonical commercial repository. Ubuntu does not include this
1652
 
                                repository by default. Therefore, you will first need to add Canonical's
1653
 
                                commercial repository to your system. Once the repository is added,
1654
 
                                you can search for the Realplayer package and then install it on your
1655
 
                                computer.</para>
1656
 
                                <para><emphasis role="strong">Watching Online Videos Using
1657
 
                                RealPlayer</emphasis>
1658
 
                                        <orderedlist numeration="arabic">
1659
 
                                                <listitem>
1660
 
                                                        <para>You can now access the realPlayer from the
1661
 
                                                        Applications menu. To access RealPlayer, on the
1662
 
                                                        <emphasis role="strong">Applications</emphasis> menu,
1663
 
                                                        point to <emphasis role="strong">Sound &amp; Video
1664
 
                                                        </emphasis> and then click <emphasis role="strong">
1665
 
                                                        RealPlayer 10</emphasis>.</para>
1666
 
                                                        <figure><title><emphasis role="italic">Launching RealPlayer</emphasis></title>
1667
 
                                                                <mediaobject><imageobject>
1668
 
                                                                        <imagedata fileref="images/chapter9_image_094.png" format="PNG" />
1669
 
                                                                </imageobject></mediaobject>
1670
 
                                                        </figure>
1671
 
                                                </listitem>
1672
 
                                                <listitem>
1673
 
                                                        <para>The <emphasis role="strong">RealPlayer Setup
1674
 
                                                        Assistant</emphasis> is displayed to guide you through the
1675
 
                                                        set up of the RealPlayer. Click <emphasis role="strong">
1676
 
                                                        Forward</emphasis> to start the set up process.</para>
1677
 
                                                        <figure><title><emphasis role="italic">Initiating RealPlayer Set up</emphasis></title>
1678
 
                                                                <mediaobject><imageobject>
1679
 
                                                                        <imagedata fileref="images/chapter9_image_095.png" format="PNG" />
1680
 
                                                                </imageobject></mediaobject>
1681
 
                                                        </figure>
1682
 
                                                </listitem>
1683
 
                                                <listitem>
1684
 
                                                        <para>After reviewing the release notes of the RealPlayer 10,
1685
 
                                                        click <emphasis role="strong">Forward</emphasis> again to
1686
 
                                                        proceed.</para>
1687
 
                                                        <figure><title><emphasis role="italic">Reviewing realPlayer Release Notes</emphasis></title>
1688
 
                                                                <mediaobject><imageobject>
1689
 
                                                                        <imagedata fileref="images/chapter9_image_096.png" format="PNG" />
1690
 
                                                                </imageobject></mediaobject>
1691
 
                                                        </figure>
1692
 
                                                </listitem>
1693
 
                                                <listitem>
1694
 
                                                        <para>Before installing the RealPlayer application on your
1695
 
                                                        computer, you need to review the terms of the end user
1696
 
                                                        license agreement and accept it to be able to proceed with
1697
 
                                                        the setup. Click <emphasis role="strong">Accept.</emphasis>
1698
 
                                                        </para>
1699
 
                                                        <figure><title><emphasis role="italic">Accepting the License Agreement</emphasis></title>
1700
 
                                                                <mediaobject><imageobject>
1701
 
                                                                        <imagedata fileref="images/chapter9_image_097.png" format="PNG" />
1702
 
                                                                </imageobject></mediaobject>
1703
 
                                                        </figure>
1704
 
                                                </listitem>
1705
 
                                                <listitem>
1706
 
                                                        <para>You have reached the final screen of the Realplayer
1707
 
                                                        setup Assistant. Specify the provided options and click
1708
 
                                                        <emphasis role="strong">OK</emphasis> to complete the
1709
 
                                                        set up.</para>
1710
 
                                                        <figure><title><emphasis role="italic">Completing the Set-up Process</emphasis></title>
1711
 
                                                                <mediaobject><imageobject>
1712
 
                                                                        <imagedata fileref="images/chapter9_image_098.png" format="PNG" />
1713
 
                                                                </imageobject></mediaobject>
1714
 
                                                        </figure>
1715
 
                                                </listitem>
1716
 
                                                <listitem>
1717
 
                                                        <para>The <emphasis role="strong">RealPlayer</emphasis>
1718
 
                                                        window is displayed, indicating that the set up was
1719
 
                                                        successful. Now you can watch online streaming media in
1720
 
                                                        the RealPlayer.</para>
1721
 
                                                        <figure><title><emphasis role="italic">The RealPlayer Window</emphasis></title>
1722
 
                                                                <mediaobject><imageobject>
1723
 
                                                                        <imagedata fileref="images/chapter9_image_099.png" format="PNG" />
1724
 
                                                                </imageobject></mediaobject>
1725
 
                                                        </figure>
1726
 
                                                </listitem>
1727
 
                                                <listitem>
1728
 
                                                        <para>To start viewing the online video of your choice, launch
1729
 
                                                        your Firefox and paste the URL of the Web page from which
1730
 
                                                        you want to view the streaming media.</para>
1731
 
                                                        <figure><title><emphasis role="italic">Opening the Desired Web Page</emphasis></title>
1732
 
                                                                <mediaobject><imageobject>
1733
 
                                                                        <imagedata fileref="images/chapter9_image_100.png" format="PNG" />
1734
 
                                                                </imageobject></mediaobject>
1735
 
                                                        </figure>
1736
 
                                                </listitem>
1737
 
                                                <listitem>
1738
 
                                                        <para>On the Web page, click the link to open the video of
1739
 
                                                        your choice.</para>
1740
 
                                                        <figure><title><emphasis role="italic">Selecting the Link to the Online Video</emphasis></title>
1741
 
                                                                <mediaobject><imageobject>
1742
 
                                                                        <imagedata fileref="images/chapter9_image_101.png" format="PNG" />
1743
 
                                                                </imageobject></mediaobject>
1744
 
                                                        </figure>
1745
 
                                                </listitem>
1746
 
                                                <listitem>
1747
 
                                                        <para>You are asked to specify whether you want to open the
1748
 
                                                        linked file in RealPlayer or save it to your computer. To view
1749
 
                                                        the video as online streaming media, accept the default
1750
 
                                                        selection and click <emphasis role="strong">OK</emphasis>.</para>
1751
 
                                                        <figure><title><emphasis role="italic">Viewing Video as Streaming Media</emphasis></title>
1752
 
                                                                <mediaobject><imageobject>
1753
 
                                                                        <imagedata fileref="images/chapter9_image_102.png" format="PNG" />
1754
 
                                                                </imageobject></mediaobject>
1755
 
                                                        </figure>
1756
 
                                                </listitem>
1757
 
                                                <listitem>
1758
 
                                                        <para>The <emphasis role="strong">Downloads</emphasis>
1759
 
                                                        dialogue box displays the progress of the download. After the
1760
 
                                                        file is downloaded to your temporary Internet folder, the video
1761
 
                                                        starts playing in the <emphasis role="strong">RealPlayer
1762
 
                                                        </emphasis> window.</para>
1763
 
                                                        <figure><title><emphasis role="italic">Watching Online Video in RealPlayer</emphasis></title>
1764
 
                                                                <mediaobject><imageobject>
1765
 
                                                                        <imagedata fileref="images/chapter9_image_103.png" format="PNG" />
1766
 
                                                                </imageobject></mediaobject>
1767
 
                                                        </figure>
1768
 
                                                </listitem>
1769
 
                                                <listitem>
1770
 
                                                        <para>You can add the link to your <emphasis role="strong">
1771
 
                                                        Favorites</emphasis> list to be able to view the video again
1772
 
                                                        without searching for it on the Internet. To save the video as a
1773
 
                                                        <emphasis role="strong">Favorite,</emphasis> on the the
1774
 
                                                        <emphasis role="strong">Favorites</emphasis> menu, click
1775
 
                                                        <emphasis role="strong">Add to Favorite</emphasis>.</para>
1776
 
                                                        <figure><title><emphasis role="italic">Saving a Video as Favourite</emphasis></title>
1777
 
                                                                <mediaobject><imageobject>
1778
 
                                                                        <imagedata fileref="images/chapter9_image_104.png" format="PNG" />
1779
 
                                                                </imageobject></mediaobject>
1780
 
                                                        </figure>
1781
 
                                                </listitem>
1782
 
                                                <listitem>
1783
 
                                                        <para>The video is now saved as your favorite. In future, you
1784
 
                                                        can view this video directly from inside your RealPlayer by
1785
 
                                                        selecting the link from the <emphasis role="strong">Favorites
1786
 
                                                        </emphasis> menu. You can also play an online video directly
1787
 
                                                        from inside the RealPlayer by specifying the location of the
1788
 
                                                        video. To do so, on the <emphasis role="strong">File
1789
 
                                                        </emphasis> menu, click <emphasis role="strong">Open
1790
 
                                                        Location</emphasis>.</para>
1791
 
                                                        <figure><title><emphasis role="italic">Viewing Online Video Directly from RealPlayer</emphasis></title>
1792
 
                                                                <mediaobject><imageobject>
1793
 
                                                                        <imagedata fileref="images/chapter9_image_105.png" format="PNG" />
1794
 
                                                                </imageobject></mediaobject>
1795
 
                                                        </figure>
1796
 
                                                </listitem>
1797
 
                                                <listitem>
1798
 
                                                        <para>Type the URL or the file path of the video in the
1799
 
                                                        <emphasis role="strong">Open Location</emphasis>
1800
 
                                                        dialogue box and click <emphasis role="strong">OK
1801
 
                                                        </emphasis> to start playing the online streaming video.
1802
 
                                                        </para>
1803
 
                                                        <figure><title><emphasis role="italic">Specifying Video Location</emphasis></title>
1804
 
                                                                <mediaobject><imageobject>
1805
 
                                                                        <imagedata fileref="images/chapter9_image_106.png" format="PNG" />
1806
 
                                                                </imageobject></mediaobject>
1807
 
                                                        </figure>
1808
 
                                                </listitem>
1809
 
                                        </orderedlist>
1810
 
                                </para>
1811
 
                        </sect2>
1812
 
                </sect1>
1813
 
                <sect1>
1814
 
                        <title>Editing Videos</title>
1815
 
                        <para>In addition to viewing movies and videos, Ubuntu also provides you
1816
 
                        tools to help you edit a video. The tools available with Ubuntu include:</para>
1817
 
                        <para>
1818
 
                                <emphasis role="strong">Kino:</emphasis> An advanced video
1819
 
                                editor, Kino captures video to disk in Raw DV and AVI format. It
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