~registry/kmod/master

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/*
 * libkmod - interface to kernel module operations
 *
 * Copyright (C) 2011  ProFUSION embedded systems
 *
 * This library is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
 * modify it under the terms of the GNU Lesser General Public
 * License as published by the Free Software Foundation version 2.1.
 *
 * This library is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
 * but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
 * MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the GNU
 * Lesser General Public License for more details.
 *
 * You should have received a copy of the GNU Lesser General Public
 * License along with this library; if not, write to the Free Software
 * Foundation, Inc., 51 Franklin St, Fifth Floor, Boston, MA  02110-1301  USA
 */

#include <stdio.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <stddef.h>
#include <stdarg.h>
#include <limits.h>
#include <unistd.h>
#include <errno.h>
#include <fnmatch.h>
#include <string.h>
#include <ctype.h>
#include <sys/utsname.h>

#include "libkmod.h"
#include "libkmod-private.h"
#include "libkmod-index.h"

#define KMOD_HASH_SIZE (256)
#define KMOD_LRU_MAX (128)

/**
 * SECTION:libkmod
 * @short_description: libkmod context
 *
 * The context contains the default values for the library user,
 * and is passed to all library operations.
 */

enum kmod_index {
	KMOD_INDEX_DEP = 0,
	KMOD_INDEX_ALIAS,
	KMOD_INDEX_SYMBOL,
	_KMOD_INDEX_LAST,
};

static const char* index_files[] = {
	[KMOD_INDEX_DEP] = "modules.dep",
	[KMOD_INDEX_ALIAS] = "modules.alias",
	[KMOD_INDEX_SYMBOL] = "modules.symbols",
};

static const char *default_config_paths[] = {
	"/run/modprobe.d",
	"/etc/modprobe.d",
	"/lib/modprobe.d",
	NULL
};

/**
 * kmod_ctx:
 *
 * Opaque object representing the library context.
 */
struct kmod_ctx {
	int refcount;
	int log_priority;
	void (*log_fn)(void *data,
			int priority, const char *file, int line,
			const char *fn, const char *format, va_list args);
	void *log_data;
	const void *userdata;
	char *dirname;
	struct kmod_config *config;
	struct kmod_hash *modules_by_name;
	struct index_mm *indexes[_KMOD_INDEX_LAST];
};

void kmod_log(const struct kmod_ctx *ctx,
		int priority, const char *file, int line, const char *fn,
		const char *format, ...)
{
	va_list args;

	if (ctx->log_fn == NULL)
		return;

	va_start(args, format);
	ctx->log_fn(ctx->log_data, priority, file, line, fn, format, args);
	va_end(args);
}

static void log_filep(void *data,
			int priority, const char *file, int line,
			const char *fn, const char *format, va_list args)
{
	FILE *fp = data;
	fprintf(fp, "libkmod: %s: ", fn);
	vfprintf(fp, format, args);
}

const char *kmod_get_dirname(const struct kmod_ctx *ctx)
{
	return ctx->dirname;
}

/**
 * kmod_get_userdata:
 * @ctx: kmod library context
 *
 * Retrieve stored data pointer from library context. This might be useful
 * to access from callbacks like a custom logging function.
 *
 * Returns: stored userdata
 */
KMOD_EXPORT void *kmod_get_userdata(const struct kmod_ctx *ctx)
{
	if (ctx == NULL)
		return NULL;
	return (void *)ctx->userdata;
}

/**
 * kmod_set_userdata:
 * @ctx: kmod library context
 * @userdata: data pointer
 *
 * Store custom @userdata in the library context.
 */
KMOD_EXPORT void kmod_set_userdata(struct kmod_ctx *ctx, const void *userdata)
{
	if (ctx == NULL)
		return;
	ctx->userdata = userdata;
}

static int log_priority(const char *priority)
{
	char *endptr;
	int prio;

	prio = strtol(priority, &endptr, 10);
	if (endptr[0] == '\0' || isspace(endptr[0]))
		return prio;
	if (strncmp(priority, "err", 3) == 0)
		return LOG_ERR;
	if (strncmp(priority, "info", 4) == 0)
		return LOG_INFO;
	if (strncmp(priority, "debug", 5) == 0)
		return LOG_DEBUG;
	return 0;
}

static const char *dirname_default_prefix = "/lib/modules";

static char *get_kernel_release(const char *dirname)
{
	struct utsname u;
	char *p;

	if (dirname != NULL)
		return strdup(dirname);

	if (uname(&u) < 0)
		return NULL;

	if (asprintf(&p, "%s/%s", dirname_default_prefix, u.release) < 0)
		return NULL;

	return p;
}

/**
 * kmod_new:
 *
 * Create kmod library context. This reads the kmod configuration
 * and fills in the default values.
 *
 * The initial refcount is 1, and needs to be decremented to
 * release the resources of the kmod library context.
 *
 * @dirname: what to consider as linux module's directory, if NULL
 *           defaults to /lib/modules/`uname -r`
 * @config_paths: ordered array of paths (directories or files) where
 *               to load user-defined configuration parameters such as
 *               alias, blacklists, commands (install, remove). If
 *               NULL defaults to /run/modprobe.d, /etc/modprobe.d and
 *               /lib/modprobe.d.  This array must be null terminated.
 *
 * Returns: a new kmod library context
 */
KMOD_EXPORT struct kmod_ctx *kmod_new(const char *dirname, const char * const *config_paths)
{
	const char *env;
	struct kmod_ctx *ctx;
	int err;

	ctx = calloc(1, sizeof(struct kmod_ctx));
	if (!ctx)
		return NULL;

	ctx->refcount = 1;
	ctx->log_fn = log_filep;
	ctx->log_data = stderr;
	ctx->log_priority = LOG_ERR;

	ctx->dirname = get_kernel_release(dirname);

	/* environment overwrites config */
	env = getenv("KMOD_LOG");
	if (env != NULL)
		kmod_set_log_priority(ctx, log_priority(env));

	if (config_paths == NULL)
		config_paths = default_config_paths;
	err = kmod_config_new(ctx, &ctx->config, config_paths);
	if (err < 0) {
		ERR(ctx, "could not create config\n");
		goto fail;
	}

	ctx->modules_by_name = kmod_hash_new(KMOD_HASH_SIZE, NULL);
	if (ctx->modules_by_name == NULL) {
		ERR(ctx, "could not create by-name hash\n");
		goto fail;
	}

	INFO(ctx, "ctx %p created\n", ctx);
	DBG(ctx, "log_priority=%d\n", ctx->log_priority);

	return ctx;

fail:
	free(ctx->modules_by_name);
	free(ctx->dirname);
	free(ctx);
	return NULL;
}

/**
 * kmod_ref:
 * @ctx: kmod library context
 *
 * Take a reference of the kmod library context.
 *
 * Returns: the passed kmod library context
 */
KMOD_EXPORT struct kmod_ctx *kmod_ref(struct kmod_ctx *ctx)
{
	if (ctx == NULL)
		return NULL;
	ctx->refcount++;
	return ctx;
}

/**
 * kmod_unref:
 * @ctx: kmod library context
 *
 * Drop a reference of the kmod library context. If the refcount
 * reaches zero, the resources of the context will be released.
 *
 */
KMOD_EXPORT struct kmod_ctx *kmod_unref(struct kmod_ctx *ctx)
{
	if (ctx == NULL)
		return NULL;

	if (--ctx->refcount > 0)
		return ctx;

	INFO(ctx, "context %p released\n", ctx);

	kmod_unload_resources(ctx);
	kmod_hash_free(ctx->modules_by_name);
	free(ctx->dirname);
	if (ctx->config)
		kmod_config_free(ctx->config);

	free(ctx);
	return NULL;
}

/**
 * kmod_set_log_fn:
 * @ctx: kmod library context
 * @log_fn: function to be called for logging messages
 *
 * The built-in logging writes to stderr. It can be
 * overridden by a custom function, to plug log messages
 * into the user's logging functionality.
 *
 */
KMOD_EXPORT void kmod_set_log_fn(struct kmod_ctx *ctx,
					void (*log_fn)(void *data,
						int priority, const char *file,
						int line, const char *fn,
						const char *format, va_list args),
					const void *data)
{
	if (ctx == NULL)
		return;
	ctx->log_fn = log_fn;
	ctx->log_data = (void *)data;
	INFO(ctx, "custom logging function %p registered\n", log_fn);
}

/**
 * kmod_get_log_priority:
 * @ctx: kmod library context
 *
 * Returns: the current logging priority
 */
KMOD_EXPORT int kmod_get_log_priority(const struct kmod_ctx *ctx)
{
	if (ctx == NULL)
		return -1;
	return ctx->log_priority;
}

/**
 * kmod_set_log_priority:
 * @ctx: kmod library context
 * @priority: the new logging priority
 *
 * Set the current logging priority. The value controls which messages
 * are logged.
 */
KMOD_EXPORT void kmod_set_log_priority(struct kmod_ctx *ctx, int priority)
{
	if (ctx == NULL)
		return;
	ctx->log_priority = priority;
}

struct kmod_module *kmod_pool_get_module(struct kmod_ctx *ctx,
							const char *name)
{
	struct kmod_module *mod;

	mod = kmod_hash_find(ctx->modules_by_name, name);

	DBG(ctx, "get module name='%s' found=%p\n", name, mod);

	return mod;
}

void kmod_pool_add_module(struct kmod_ctx *ctx, struct kmod_module *mod)
{
	const char *name = kmod_module_get_name(mod);

	DBG(ctx, "add %p name='%s'\n", mod, name);

	kmod_hash_add(ctx->modules_by_name, name, mod);
}

void kmod_pool_del_module(struct kmod_ctx *ctx, struct kmod_module *mod)
{
	const char *name = kmod_module_get_name(mod);

	DBG(ctx, "del %p name='%s'\n", mod, name);

	kmod_hash_del(ctx->modules_by_name, name);
}

static int kmod_lookup_alias_from_alias_bin(struct kmod_ctx *ctx,
						enum kmod_index index_number,
						const char *name,
						struct kmod_list **list)
{
	int err, nmatch = 0;
	struct index_file *idx;
	struct index_value *realnames, *realname;

	if (ctx->indexes[index_number] != NULL) {
		DBG(ctx, "use mmaped index '%s' for name=%s\n",
			index_files[index_number], name);
		realnames = index_mm_searchwild(ctx->indexes[index_number],
									name);
	} else{
		char fn[PATH_MAX];

		snprintf(fn, sizeof(fn), "%s/%s.bin", ctx->dirname,
						index_files[index_number]);

		DBG(ctx, "file=%s name=%s\n", fn, name);

		idx = index_file_open(fn);
		if (idx == NULL)
			return -ENOSYS;

		realnames = index_searchwild(idx, name);
		index_file_close(idx);
	}

	for (realname = realnames; realname; realname = realnames->next) {
		struct kmod_module *mod;

		err = kmod_module_new_from_name(ctx, realname->value, &mod);
		if (err < 0) {
			ERR(ctx, "%s\n", strerror(-err));
			goto fail;
		}

		*list = kmod_list_append(*list, mod);
		nmatch++;
	}

	index_values_free(realnames);
	return nmatch;

fail:
	*list = kmod_list_remove_n_latest(*list, nmatch);
	return err;

}

int kmod_lookup_alias_from_symbols_file(struct kmod_ctx *ctx, const char *name,
						struct kmod_list **list)
{
	if (!startswith(name, "symbol:"))
		return 0;

	return kmod_lookup_alias_from_alias_bin(ctx, KMOD_INDEX_SYMBOL, name,
									list);
}

int kmod_lookup_alias_from_aliases_file(struct kmod_ctx *ctx, const char *name,
						struct kmod_list **list)
{
	return kmod_lookup_alias_from_alias_bin(ctx, KMOD_INDEX_ALIAS, name,
									list);
}

char *kmod_search_moddep(struct kmod_ctx *ctx, const char *name)
{
	struct index_file *idx;
	char fn[PATH_MAX];
	char *line;

	if (ctx->indexes[KMOD_INDEX_DEP]) {
		DBG(ctx, "use mmaped index '%s' modname=%s\n",
			index_files[KMOD_INDEX_DEP], name);
		return index_mm_search(ctx->indexes[KMOD_INDEX_DEP], name);
	}

	snprintf(fn, sizeof(fn), "%s/%s.bin", ctx->dirname,
						index_files[KMOD_INDEX_DEP]);

	DBG(ctx, "file=%s modname=%s\n", fn, name);

	idx = index_file_open(fn);
	if (idx == NULL) {
		ERR(ctx, "Could not open moddep file '%s'\n", fn);
		return NULL;
	}

	line = index_search(idx, name);
	index_file_close(idx);

	return line;
}

int kmod_lookup_alias_from_moddep_file(struct kmod_ctx *ctx, const char *name,
						struct kmod_list **list)
{
	char *line;
	int n = 0;

	/*
	 * Module names do not contain ':'. Return early if we know it will
	 * not be found.
	 */
	if (strchr(name, ':'))
		return 0;

	line = kmod_search_moddep(ctx, name);
	if (line != NULL) {
		struct kmod_module *mod;

		n = kmod_module_new_from_name(ctx, name, &mod);
		if (n < 0) {
			ERR(ctx, "%s\n", strerror(-n));
			goto finish;
		}

		*list = kmod_list_append(*list, mod);
		kmod_module_parse_depline(mod, line);
	}

finish:
	free(line);

	return n;
}

int kmod_lookup_alias_from_config(struct kmod_ctx *ctx, const char *name,
						struct kmod_list **list)
{
	struct kmod_config *config = ctx->config;
	struct kmod_list *l;
	int err, nmatch = 0;

	kmod_list_foreach(l, config->aliases) {
		const char *aliasname = kmod_alias_get_name(l);
		const char *modname = kmod_alias_get_modname(l);

		if (fnmatch(aliasname, name, 0) == 0) {
			struct kmod_module *mod;

			err = kmod_module_new_from_name(ctx, modname, &mod);
			if (err < 0) {
				ERR(ctx, "%s\n", strerror(-err));
				goto fail;
			}

			*list = kmod_list_append(*list, mod);
			nmatch++;
		}
	}

	return nmatch;

fail:
	*list = kmod_list_remove_n_latest(*list, nmatch);
	return err;
}

/**
 * kmod_module_get_filtered_blacklist:
 * @ctx: kmod library context
 * @input: list to be filtered with blacklist
 * @output: where to save the new list
 *
 * Given a list @input, this function filter it out with config's blacklist
 * ans save it in @output.
 *
 * Returns: 0 on success or < 0 otherwise. @output is saved with the updated
 * list.
 */
KMOD_EXPORT int kmod_module_get_filtered_blacklist(const struct kmod_ctx *ctx, const struct kmod_list *input, struct kmod_list **output)
{
	const struct kmod_config *config;
	const struct kmod_list *li;

	if (ctx == NULL || output == NULL)
		return -ENOENT;

	*output = NULL;
	if (input == NULL)
		return 0;

	config = ctx->config;
	kmod_list_foreach(li, input) {
		struct kmod_module *mod = li->data;
		const struct kmod_list *lb;
		struct kmod_list *node;
		bool filtered = false;
		kmod_list_foreach(lb, config->blacklists) {
			const char *name = lb->data;
			if (streq(name, kmod_module_get_name(mod))) {
				filtered = true;
				break;
			}
		}
		if (filtered)
			continue;

		node = kmod_list_append(*output, mod);
		if (node == NULL)
			goto fail;
		*output = node;
		kmod_module_ref(mod);
	}
	return 0;

fail:
	kmod_module_unref_list(*output);
	*output = NULL;
	return -ENOMEM;
}

KMOD_EXPORT int kmod_load_resources(struct kmod_ctx *ctx)
{
	char path[PATH_MAX];
	size_t i;

	if (ctx == NULL)
		return -ENOENT;

	for (i = 0; i < ARRAY_SIZE(index_files); i++) {
		if (ctx->indexes[i] == NULL) {
			const char *fn = index_files[i];
			size_t fnlen = strlen(fn);
			const char *prefix = "";
			const char *suffix = "";

			if (fn[0] != '/')
				prefix = ctx->dirname;

			if (fnlen < 4 || !streq(fn + fnlen - 4, ".bin"))
				suffix = ".bin";

			snprintf(path, sizeof(path), "%s/%s%s",
				 prefix, fn, suffix);
			fn = path;

			ctx->indexes[i] = index_mm_open(ctx, fn, true);
			if (ctx->indexes[i] == NULL)
				goto fail;
		}
	}

	return 0;

fail:
	kmod_unload_resources(ctx);
	return -ENOMEM;
}

KMOD_EXPORT void kmod_unload_resources(struct kmod_ctx *ctx)
{
	size_t i;

	if (ctx == NULL)
		return;

	for (i = 0; i < ARRAY_SIZE(index_files); i++) {
		if (ctx->indexes[i] != NULL) {
			index_mm_close(ctx->indexes[i]);
			ctx->indexes[i] = NULL;
		}
	}
}

KMOD_EXPORT int kmod_resolve_alias_options(struct kmod_ctx *ctx, const char *given_alias, char **options)
{
	struct kmod_list *modules = NULL, *l;
	char alias[NAME_MAX];
	char *opts = NULL;
	size_t optslen = 0;
	int err;

	if (ctx == NULL || options == NULL)
		return -ENOENT;

	modname_normalize(given_alias, alias, NULL);

	err = kmod_module_new_from_lookup(ctx, alias, &modules);
	if (err >= 0) {
		kmod_list_foreach(l, modules) {
			const char *str = kmod_module_get_options(l->data);
			size_t len;
			void *tmp;

			if (str == NULL)
				continue;
			len = strlen(str);

			tmp = realloc(opts, optslen + len + 2);
			if (tmp == NULL)
				goto failed;
			opts = tmp;
			if (optslen > 0) {
				opts[optslen] = ' ';
				optslen++;
			}
			memcpy(opts + optslen, str, len);
			optslen += len;
			opts[optslen] = '\0';
		}
	}

	kmod_list_foreach(l, ctx->config->options) {
		const struct kmod_list *ml;
		const char *modname = kmod_option_get_modname(l);
		const char *str;
		bool already_done = false;
		size_t len;
		void *tmp;

		if (fnmatch(modname, alias, 0) != 0)
			continue;

		kmod_list_foreach(ml, modules) {
			const char *mln = kmod_module_get_name(ml->data);
			if (fnmatch(modname, mln, 0) == 0) {
				already_done = true;
				break;
			}
		}
		if (already_done)
			continue;

		str = kmod_option_get_options(l);
		len = strlen(str);
		tmp = realloc(opts, optslen + len + 2);
		if (tmp == NULL)
			goto failed;
		opts = tmp;
		if (optslen > 0) {
			opts[optslen] = ' ';
			optslen++;
		}
		memcpy(opts + optslen, str, len);
		optslen += len;
		opts[optslen] = '\0';
	}

	DBG(ctx, "alias=%s  options='%s'\n", alias, opts);
	kmod_module_unref_list(modules);
	*options = opts;
	return 0;

failed:
	kmod_module_unref_list(modules);
	free(opts);
	ERR(ctx, "out of memory\n");
	*options = NULL;
	return -ENOMEM;
}

const struct kmod_list *kmod_get_options(const struct kmod_ctx *ctx)
{
	return ctx->config->options;
}

const struct kmod_list *kmod_get_install_commands(const struct kmod_ctx *ctx)
{
	return ctx->config->install_commands;
}

const struct kmod_list *kmod_get_remove_commands(const struct kmod_ctx *ctx)
{
	return ctx->config->remove_commands;
}